Turmeric powder uses, benefits and side effects (curcumin)

Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant with simple leaf blades 76 -115 cm long with a width of 38-45 cm. It has highly branched, yellow or orange, aromatic, cylindrical rhizomes.

The leaf is oblong to elliptical becoming narrow at the tip. The leaves are arranged in two rows and alternate. Flowers appear in August. Flowering takes place terminally, on the false stem, the inflorescence stem is 12-20 cm long.

The bracts are light green and ovate to oblong. Flowers are hermaphrodite and have a three-corolla lobe, and the fruit capsule opens within the three compartments. In this article, we will talk about turmeric health benefits for everyone.

Turmeric (Curcuma Longa) medicinal uses, benefits and side effects

Geographical places where Turmeric plant grows

It grows in the forests of South and Southeast Asia. India leads the world in producing turmeric and is mainly grown in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, TamilNadu, Assam and Maharashtra. Other main countries where turmeric is grown are Pakistan, Bangladesh, Taiwan and Sri Lanka.

Common names of Curcuma Longa

The common name is Turmeric. It is also called Haridra, Curcumin, Indian saffron, and Halada.

Botanical name or family

The botanical name is Curcuma Longa. It belongs to the Zingiberaceae family.

Turmeric health benefits for skin and whole body

Turmeric has been used in Indian and Chinese medicine since the olden times. The active ingredients in Curcuma Longa are phytochemical compounds such as demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, and curcumin.

It also has volatile oils such as zingiberene, atlantone, and turmerone. You can consume turmeric pills, powder, tablets, curcumin supplement or capsules.

Helps prevent and treat cancer

Turmeric helps prevent cancer by interfering with the signaling between cells. In studies conducted on animals, Curcuma Longa prevented cancer of the lungs, liver, stomach, colon, and the breast.

You can add turmeric to your curries and side dishes, fish and egg and be protected. This is one of the best turmeric health benefits.

Also Read: Best foods to prevent cancer

Bioactive compounds

A bioactive compound found in turmeric promotes stem cell proliferation and differentiation. These findings suggest that aromatic tumerone could have potential to treat neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and stroke.

Until now, it was known that aromatic tumerone could block activation of microglia cells. It was unknown that aromatic tumerone could impact the capacity of the brain to self-heal.

Anti-inflammatory nature of turmeric

Short term inflammation is needed for protection inside the body. When inflammation becomes chronic, it becomes a pain.

Chronic inflammation plays a significant role in most of the major diseases such as cancer, heart disease, metabolic syndrome, and more.

Curcumin has anti-inflammatory properties as strong as some of the common drugs we use today. This is one of the effective turmeric health benefits.

Turmeric helps arthritis patients

It was seen in several studies that turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties. It modifies the responses of the immune system.

However, Curcuma Longa acts as a blood thinner, and so you must avoid it if you take medicines for thinning blood such as warfarin. This is one of the best turmeric health benefits for all arthritis patients.

Also Read: Natural remedies for arthritis

Improve the antioxidant content

Curcumin is a flavonoid antioxidant whose job is to protect the cells in the body against the oxidative stress due to the free radicals.

This helps in preventing degenerative diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, macular degeneration, and arthritis.

Turmeric root and flowers

Helps remove depression

Depression is a combination of symptoms such as guilt, hopelessness, frustration, loss of interest in family and friends, and anger. It regulates the protein level in the brain.

These neurotrophins are needed for the functioning of the brain. Brain derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF) is a protein that helps the formation of neurons. If depression is present, it is seen that the BDNF is low.

Curcumin demonstrates a remarkable ability to raise the levels of BDNF along with decreasing the inflammatory proteins.

Delays aging

You see that Curcuma Longa is one of the spices that contain antioxidant on the ORAC scale. Antioxidants preserve the integrity of the skin. Without these, the skin begins to sag and develop wrinkles.

The texture of the skin becomes rough, and you see over-pigmenting. In this regard, the telomeres play a significant role. They can be influenced by plant compounds like resveratrol which lengthen the telomeres.

Telomeres protect the DNA and help cells to replicate. UV rays can damage the telomeres. Turmeric Curcuma Longa them due to its antioxidant property.

Lowers risk of heart disease

Turmeric works in several ways to prevent heart diseases. First, it prevents plaque build-up in the blood vessels that is the reason for blood clots. It reduces the LDL cholesterol that is bad for the health.

Curcumin prevents the agglomeration of the blood platelets. By suppressing the COX enzyme it stops the production of the inflammatory molecule in the body, The COX enzyme send the signal for making the inflammatory molecules.

Turmeric improves digestion

Curcumin helps to stop overproduction of bile and acid. This eases the heartburn that many people experience. Turmeric has vitamins, minerals, anti-inflammatory compounds, fibre and antioxidants to nourish and support the digestive process.

They help the needed acid production, the oesophagus muscle movement, and nutrient absorption so that we get the energy from the food we eat. Find top superfoods to improve digestion.

Helps heal cuts and burns

By applying Curcuma Longa to the open wounds, you can help it heal faster. The antiseptic property of turmeric helps prevent the bacteria from entering the body through the wound opening.

Further, Curcuma Longa will help the blood to clot. You can mix turmeric with coconut oil and apply it as a face mask. This will help reduce scars, acne, and redness from exposure to the sun. This is one of the best turmeric benefits.

It delays the onset of diabetes

Turmeric inhibits lipid peroxidation, scavenges ROS, and increases the amount of antioxidants. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are oxygen containing molecules that help deliver oxygen to the cells.

When the conditions are not good, the ROS levels increase too much so that they cause cell death. Increased glucose uptake is present in the endothelial cells in the adipose tissue.

Excess production of ROS leads to oxidative degradation of fats along with oxidative damage of cells. There is the initiation of inflammatory pathways in the body.

Boost the immunity

Curcumin is a strong antioxidant that helps protect the DNA from damage. It shows the inhibitive effect on the growth of cancer cells. The powder helps your brain and nerves function better.

It gives strength to the immune system. The body gets more ability to fight pathogens. It protects your entire body including your digestive system.

Add turmeric to your dishes for extra flavor and extra protection.

Turmeric is not known to show any side effects. However, excess use of Curcuma Longa may lead to headaches or rashes. Use all turmeric health benefits to get a great health.

References

  1. http://food.ndtv.com/
  2. http://www.stylecraze.com/
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/

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