Saffron (Kesar/Crocus Sativus) is a autumn-flowering, cormous and perennial plant which has a corm that it holds underground. This corm holds the bract, bracteole, flowering stalk, and leaves. The flowers are purple in colour. The plant grows 10-30 cm in height. The plant is sterile because it is a triploid. The filaments inside the bulb are harvested to produce the costly saffron spice. Manual vegetative multiplication is needed to reproduce the plant as it does not multiply with itself. The corms are planted in full sun about 4 inches apart in well-drained soil. It flowers throughout October.
Geographical places where Saffron plant grows
It grows in the Mediterranean, Iran-Turania region, Southern Europe, and in East Asia. It is cultivated in Greece, France, Italy, Spain, and Jammu & Kashmir in India.
Common names of Crocus Sativus
The common name for this plant is saffron. It is called Kesar in Hindi.
Botanical name or family
The botanical name of this plant is Crocus Sativus. It belongs to the Iridaceae family.
Saffron health benefits
The medicinal properties are due to the compounds present in the saffron. These include safranal, the most important volatile oil that gives saffron its distinctive flavor. It gets its colour from the carotenoid compound a-crocin. It contains a variety of mineral and vitamins including Vitamin A and Vitamin C, potassium, riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid. Saffron has many therapeutic benefits.
Treat respiratory conditions: Saffron helps remove the phlegm from the airways and open them completely. This helps the person have better intake of air. People with asthma and bronchitis will benefit by taking Crocus Sativus in their diet. By taking Crocus Sativus, the action of clearing the congestion of the throat, nose, and chest occurs. The blockage is removed, and the person becomes free again. Read signs of asthma, causes and treatment.
Use as a nervine sedative: Kesar is having the property of soothing the nerves. If a person is restless and unable to sleep, use of saffron will help him or her to rest peacefully. The stress and tensions in the mind become normal. You can mix saffron in the tea or coffee and have it before you go to bed. This will give you a restful sleep. Or, you can take Kesar with milk.
Helpful as anemmenagogue: You can regulate the menstruation using Kesar. Saffron will help relieve the pain one has during menstruation. This provides much relief. Women have the Kesar with their tea or coffee. It will strengthen the pelvic region and improve the blood flow. This will help to stabilize the menstrual cycle appreciably. Crocus Sativus is also useful because it gives good sleep.
Used as an antidepressant: Depression covers a wide range of ailments including trauma and stress, obsessive compulsive disorder, dysthymia, chronic pain, eating disorders, neuropathic pain, and anxiety disorders. You can relieve depression with an anti-depression drug. Saffron has the property to relieve depression. It uplifts the mood and makes the person happy.
Popular as an aphrodisiac: Used since olden days a sexual stimulant, Crocus Sativus is added to most of the celebratory dishes to make the person more virile. The Kesar will augment the sexual properties and uplift the mood of the person. This will help the person become very active sexually. You can have 3-4 strands or a pinch of saffron with a glass of milk, and it will make you feel better.
Antipyretic properties: Kesar helps fight fevers. This anti-pyretic property helps you bring down fevers without too much trouble. Add some a pinch of Crocus Sativus to the milk and give it to the person having a fever. Within a short while, the fever will come down. Kesar will help the person become vigorous, and this will help the restore the health of the person.
Good for maintaining growth: The vitamin and mineral content of the saffron helps the person maintain healthy growth. They stimulate the metabolism of the person and add nutrition so that the various organs function normally. Proper nutrition in the diet will help the person maintain the needed growth and become healthy.
Antioxidant properties: Saffron has good antioxidant nature. This helps them maintain the fighting property against the free radicals. The antioxidants such as Vitamin C suppress the action of the free radicals and prevent the oxidative stresses from building up. These stresses can destroy the healthy cells in the body if left unattended. That is why adding saffron to the dishes is such a clever idea.
Disease preventing nature: The Kesar helps prevent the incidence of diseases. This is mainly due to the oxidative action and the antidepressant nature of Kesar. Most of the degenerative diseases like cancer occur due to the action of the free radicals. These free radicals proliferate and form abnormal cells within the healthy body. Adding Kesar to the food helps prevent these kinds of destruction actions.
Prevent arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis occurs due to the scaling effect due to the deposit of cholesterol on the walls of the arteries. By fighting the formation of the LDL cholesterol, saffron helps in regulating the deposit of the plaque on the walls of the blood vessels. This helps improve the heart health and make the person healthier.
Possess carminative properties: Crocus Sativus helps improve digestion and prevent the formation of gas. Due to its action, the food left over in the intestines is removed. This prevents the formation of gas. It relieves the flatulence and helps improve the digestive health of the person.
Uterine stimulant: High doses of Kesar will stimulate the uterus. It may cause miscarriages if the woman is pregnant. So, it is advisable for pregnant women to avoid this spice in their diet. Uterine stimulants are normally given to women to increase the uterine contractions and speed up the delivery. The intensity of the contractions increases and she can conceive faster.
Helps as an antispasmodic: If you have an overactive bladder, breathing problems, gastrointestinal cramps, diarrhea, or movement disorders, you must use saffron in your diet to get relief. Crocus Sativus improves the condition of spasms in the smooth muscles and helps stabilize the metabolism. You can have saffron in the milk daily in the morning to get better health.
Crocus Sativus has many health benefits. There are a few who will experience an allergic reaction. They must not use saffron in their food.