Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease and affects the body’s ability to manage body glucose level. In this post, we will talk about type 2 diabetes risk factors.
People, who have Type 2 diabetes symptoms, have raised glucose levels in their blood. Type ii diabetes is on the increase all over the world because of various reasons, including poor lifestyle habits, and high stress.
What causes Type 2 diabetes?
The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which regulates blood glucose levels. People with this condition produce insulin, but the cells are unable to use insulin effectively to manage blood glucose. As a result, there is an increased level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
What are the symptoms and signs of type 2 diabetes?
This disease often goes unnoticed for several months unless you get a blood check-up done.
The type 2 diabetes symptoms are:
Losing or gaining weight without trying to, feeling thirsty often, frequent need to urinate, odor in urine, dark armpits, fatigue, blurriness in vision, burning feeling, numbness or tingling in feet, prone to frequent fungal infections, etc.
What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
There are a number of risk factors which can cause Type 2 diabetes. While you cannot do much about the genetic factors, there are many other risk factors, which you can identify and prevent from acquiring this disease.
A person with a family history of Type two diabetes is predisposed towards acquiring it. If one parent in the family is suffering from this condition, there is a likelihood that one or more children could get it. Though you cannot prevent it, yet by adopting a healthy lifestyle, you can stall the process.
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It is not clearly understood why certain ethnicities are more prone towards developing Type 2 diabetes than the others. Hispanic Americans, Afro Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans and Indians are at higher risk.
People over 45 years of age are more susceptible to acquire this disease. Reasons for this correlation to age may vary. It could be that the elderly people tend to slow down; they are less active and lead a sedentary lifestyle. The body metabolism slows down with increasing age. It is believed that the pancreas produces less insulin as age increases.
But we can also see type 2 diabetes prevalent among the younger generation too. The rate is, however, lesser in younger people.
4. High Blood Pressure
Those people who suffer from high blood pressure are 50% at more risk of getting this disease.
5. Low HDL (Good cholesterol)
People who have lower levels of high-density lipoprotein are more prone to acquiring type 2 diabetes.
6. Triglyceride levels
Triglycerides are fat cells carried in the blood. You are more likely to develop this condition if you have higher levels of triglycerides.
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If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, that is, the thyroid gland in your body is producing a lesser amount of hormones, then you are at greater risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes means, blood sugar is above the normal level, but you have not got the disease yet. People with prediabetes can keep the condition from progressing by staying physically active, eating healthy food and by doing regular check-ups. If you don’t take active measures to keep the sugar in control, then prediabetes may go on to become a full-fledged disease.
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9. Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is having diabetes during the pregnancy period. If you have suffered from diabetes during the time of pregnancy, you are at more risk of getting this disease back later in life.
10. Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOs)
Women suffering from PCOs are more vulnerable and at risk towards getting type 2 diabetes. PCOs is a condition in women which has symptoms like irregular periods, obesity, and excessive hair growth on the body.
Obesity is the number one risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The fatty cells make other body cells more resistant towards hormone insulin. However, not all overweight people get this disease, neither it is true that thin people do not get this disease. If you have more fat concentrated around the abdomen area, the risk is greater, than when the body fat is stored around the hips, thighs or arms.
12. Sedentary lifestyle
Leading an inactive lifestyle poses a risk of getting this disease. When people don’t exercise, their blood glucose is not used up, and they tend to gain weight. Over the years, they have fat stored in different parts of the body, which leads them towards obesity. This is a serious health risk.
When you are active, insulin resistance of the cells decreases, and this allows the body to use insulin more effectively.
13. Unhealthy diet
An unhealthy diet is one of the main causes of obesity which leads to Type 2 diabetes. When you adopt a diet consisting of processed food, you are eating refined carbohydrates, more sugar, and excess salt. These processed foods are devoid of fiber, have bad fatty acids, and obnoxiously high content of sugar and salt. All these are very detrimental to health.
14. Heart Problem
People who have cardiovascular disease or those who have suffered a heart attack are more predisposed towards developing type 2 diabetes.
Smoking has never been healthy and always is a health hazard. Smokers are at more risk of acquiring this disease.
Though the genetic factors are not in our control, Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by reducing risk due to lifestyle factors. Some changes you can do to improve your lifestyle are:
- Do not sit in one place for too long.
- Avoid processed food, refined carbohydrates, and artificial sweeteners, sugary, high sodium content and high-fat foods.
- Exercise regularly, burn calories
- Reduce excess weight
- Drink plenty of water
- Lead a stress-free life
Type 2 diabetes is a lifetime disease. Once you develop it, it stays with you. You can only work towards managing the disease, so that blood sugar levels stay constant and do not fluctuate too much. This can be achieved by following healthy lifestyle habits stated above.