15 Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease and affects the body’s ability to manage body glucose level. In this post, we will talk about type 2 diabetes risk factors.

People, who have Type 2 diabetes symptoms, have raised glucose levels in their blood. Type ii diabetes is on the increase all over the world because of various reasons, including poor lifestyle habits, and high stress.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

What causes Type 2 diabetes?

The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which regulates blood glucose levels. People with this condition produce insulin, but the cells are unable to use insulin effectively to manage blood glucose. As a result, there is an increased level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

What are the symptoms and signs of type 2 diabetes?

This disease often goes unnoticed for several months unless you get a blood check-up done.

The type 2 diabetes symptoms are:

Losing or gaining weight without trying to, feeling thirsty often, frequent need to urinate, odor in urine, dark armpits, fatigue, blurriness in vision, burning feeling, numbness or tingling in feet, prone to frequent fungal infections, etc.

Also Read: Top 10 Ayurvedic herbs for diabetes treatment

What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

There are a number of risk factors which can cause Type 2 diabetes. While you cannot do much about the genetic factors, there are many other risk factors, which you can identify and prevent from acquiring this disease.

1. Hereditary

A person with a family history of Type two diabetes is predisposed towards acquiring it. If one parent in the family is suffering from this condition, there is a likelihood that one or more children could get it. Though you cannot prevent it, yet by adopting a healthy lifestyle, you can stall the process.

Also Read: Top 10 Herbal medicine for diabetes in India

2. Race

It is not clearly understood why certain ethnicities are more prone towards developing Type 2 diabetes than the others. Hispanic Americans, Afro Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans and Indians are at higher risk.

3. Age

People over 45 years of age are more susceptible to acquire this disease. Reasons for this correlation to age may vary. It could be that the elderly people tend to slow down; they are less active and lead a sedentary lifestyle. The body metabolism slows down with increasing age. It is believed that the pancreas produces less insulin as age increases.

But we can also see type 2 diabetes prevalent among the younger generation too. The rate is, however, lesser in younger people.

Also Read: How flax seeds can help to manage blood glucose level?

4. High Blood Pressure

Those people who suffer from high blood pressure are 50% at more risk of getting this disease.

5. Low HDL (Good cholesterol)

People who have lower levels of high-density lipoprotein are more prone to acquiring type 2 diabetes.

6. Triglyceride levels

Triglycerides are fat cells carried in the blood. You are more likely to develop this condition if you have higher levels of triglycerides.

Also Read: Top 6 Best Yoga Asanas for Diabetes

7. Hypothyroidism

If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, that is, the thyroid gland in your body is producing a lesser amount of hormones, then you are at greater risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

8. Pre-diabetes

Pre-diabetes means, blood sugar is above the normal level, but you have not got the disease yet. People with prediabetes can keep the condition from progressing by staying physically active, eating healthy food and by doing regular check-ups. If you don’t take active measures to keep the sugar in control, then prediabetes may go on to become a full-fledged disease.

Also Read: Natural remedies for diabetes

9. Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is having diabetes during the pregnancy period. If you have suffered from diabetes during the time of pregnancy, you are at more risk of getting this disease back later in life.

10. Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOs)

Women suffering from PCOs are more vulnerable and at risk towards getting type 2 diabetes. PCOs is a condition in women which has symptoms like irregular periods, obesity, and excessive hair growth on the body.

11. Obesity

Obesity is the number one risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The fatty cells make other body cells more resistant towards hormone insulin. However, not all overweight people get this disease, neither it is true that thin people do not get this disease. If you have more fat concentrated around the abdomen area, the risk is greater, than when the body fat is stored around the hips, thighs or arms.

Also Read: Healthy breakfast ideas for type 2 diabetic patients

12. Sedentary lifestyle

Leading an inactive lifestyle poses a risk of getting this disease. When people don’t exercise, their blood glucose is not used up, and they tend to gain weight. Over the years, they have fat stored in different parts of the body, which leads them towards obesity. This is a serious health risk.

When you are active, insulin resistance of the cells decreases, and this allows the body to use insulin more effectively.

Also Read: 10 Things to do everyday if you are a diabetes patient

13. Unhealthy diet

An unhealthy diet is one of the main causes of obesity which leads to Type 2 diabetes. When you adopt a diet consisting of processed food, you are eating refined carbohydrates, more sugar, and excess salt. These processed foods are devoid of fiber, have bad fatty acids, and obnoxiously high content of sugar and salt. All these are very detrimental to health.

14. Heart Problem

People who have cardiovascular disease or those who have suffered a heart attack are more predisposed towards developing type 2 diabetes.

15. Smoking

Smoking has never been healthy and always is a health hazard. Smokers are at more risk of acquiring this disease.

Also Read: Home remedies for diabetic nerve pain treatment


Though the genetic factors are not in our control, Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by reducing risk due to lifestyle factors. Some changes you can do to improve your lifestyle are:

  • Do not sit in one place for too long.
  • Avoid processed food, refined carbohydrates, and artificial sweeteners, sugary, high sodium content and high-fat foods.
  • Exercise regularly, burn calories
  • Reduce excess weight
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Lead a stress-free life
  • Meditate

Type 2 diabetes is a lifetime disease. Once you develop it, it stays with you. You can only work towards managing the disease, so that blood sugar levels stay constant and do not fluctuate too much. This can be achieved by following healthy lifestyle habits stated above. 



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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of www.medicinalplantsanduses.com. He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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