So, you are pregnant. Congratulations! While pregnancy week by week brings happiness to the heart for having a baby, living through it can be really challenging.
But if you know what pregnancy symptoms entails and how it can be made easy, you will definitely suffer less than a lot of women. In this post, we will give you information on pregnancy stages week by week.
Read this article line by line to learn more about what will happen to you and your baby in every week of your pregnancy. Each change brings new developments and milestones when you’re expecting. Your baby’s changing day by day, and your body is keeping pace. Find out what’s going on and why, inside and out, with this week-by-week pregnancy guide.
So, let’s dive deeper into the nitty-gritty of pregnancy and see what solutions experts extend to address common and uncommon pregnancy related problems. Here, we will also talk about unexpected pregnancy or unplanned pregnancy.
Table Of Content
1. Pregnancy Nutrition Dos and Don’ts
2. Common physical changes during pregnancy
3. Tips for your first trimester
4. Tips for your second trimester
5. Tips for your third trimester
6. When is the best time to get pregnant?
7. What is the best age to get pregnant?
8. What are the best foods to eat when pregnant?
9. What is the best sleeping position during pregnancy?
10. Pregnancy due date calculator
11. Can you get your period and still be pregnant?
12. Can you get pregnant on the Pill?
13. What can lead to a negative pregnancy test even when you miss the period?
14. What’s that dark line on my belly?
Pregnancy Nutrition Dos and Don’ts
When you are pregnant, it’s not just your body that gets nutrition from what you eat, but even your child receives nutrition from your diet.
And that is why you should always eat nutritious food during pregnancy. A lot of pregnancy-related complications might arise due to poor nutrition. It’s a must to know about all pregnancy facts and information. Here are all the diet dos and don’ts that you to need follow during pregnancy:
- Include a lot of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean protein. These are best food for pregnant women.
- It’s always good to take less amount of saturated fat. That means you won’t have to go overboard with whole milk, other dairy products, red meat, or other such kinds of things. You will also have to reduce the intake of processed foods. If possible, simply remove it from your diet. And this is not an eating regimen that you should follow during your pregnancy. This kind of eating helps people lead a healthy life.
- If you are pregnant, you should not eat under-cooked meat and seafood. This could affect your digestion adversely.
- Pregnant women are prone to catching diseases. And that is why they should pay extra attention to their diet. They should not eat anything and everything randomly. They should watch what they eat and should make sure everything they put inside their mouth is in the best of its condition. A lot of diseases are caused by germs. And that is why you should wash your fruits and vegetables well before eating them. We should always drink pasteurized milk, and it’s good to take Parmesan, cheddar and other hard cheese varieties. Remember, bacteria present in raw vegetables, soft cheese, and unpasteurized milk could lead to a disease called listeriosis.
- Alcohol and caffeine are not good for the health of a pregnant woman. That is why she should stay away from them. These are foods to avoid when pregnant. Smoking during pregnancy is also harmful.
- For the extra Iron and Folic acid required in your body, do care to take some prenatal vitamin daily.
- Take a lot of calcium-rich food. Calcium will not just help your child’s bones develop healthily, but also prevent any bone loss in your body. It’s ideal for a pregnant woman to drink at least three glasses of milk every day. But make sure the milk you take is devoid of fat and other additives.
Common physical changes during pregnancy week by week
The body of a pregnant woman goes through many transformations during pregnancy. While some of these transformations are visible to the eyes, others are not. There are lots of changes that are not just unexpected but also surprising for women.
- One of the most common changes that a woman experiences during pregnancy is enlarged breast size. If your are 8 weeks pregnant than you can feel sore or tender breasts, fatigue and morning sickness.
- A lot of women also notice varicose veins in their genitals. Varicose veins may also become prominent in the legs of a woman. This generally happens during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Although this is an uncomfortable condition, it doesn’t stay for long. In fact, it completely goes away after the delivery of the child.
- Another thing that you might notice during pregnancy is bleeding gums. Although this might seem like a trivial problem, it could lead to severe infections. A woman’s immunity decreases during pregnancy. And that is why you should be very careful about such conditions.
- You can avoid a lot of oral health issues by simply maintaining a good level of oral hygiene. This will protect you from inflammation, gingivitis and other issues.
- Your hair feels great during pregnancy. The reason behind is the fact that the length of the growing phase of hair follicles generally increases during pregnancy because of which you get healthy and thick hair. Besides the improved quality of hair on the head, you get hair on your upper lips and certain unwanted places like the stomach, around the nipples, etc.
- Since a woman’s abdomen experiences expansion during pregnancy, the belly button begins to protrude outward.
- The body temperature of a woman during pregnancy tends to increase. And because of this reason a lot of women sweat profusely. Hence, it is important that a pregnant woman wears loose fitting clothes during summer and drinks a lot of water every single day.
- In order that a woman can deliver her baby with ease, the body releases hormones like relaxin. The primary function of relaxin is to relax ligaments in the pelvis to make it easier for her to deliver the baby. A prominent side effect of this is back pain and sciatica.
- A lot of women grumble about having swollen feet and ankles during pregnancy. This happens because the body produces extra fluid during this phase, which tends to pool in these two areas of the body.
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Also Read: Chikungunya symptoms and causes
Tips for your first trimester
If you are in the first trimester of your pregnancy means first 12 weeks pregnant, then you are probably suffering a lot. If your are 8 weeks pregnant than you can feel sore or tender breasts, fatigue, frequent urination, heartburn and morning sickness.
But don’t worry; by following a few tricks and tips, you will be able to handle these sufferings effectively and efficiently. So, here is what you need to do during this phase of your pregnancy.
1. Having a support system in place is imperative
Yes, your husband knows everything you are undergoing during your pregnancy. But it’s not just your husband who should know about your state.
If you are comfortable with your mum, then you can tell her about your emotional ups and downs and other physical problems that you might be facing.
And why just mom, it could be your sister, your close friend or anyone else you are comfortable with. Just make sure you have a group in place that knows that you are going through this phase and you need their support.
2. Find yourself an amazing doctor
And if you think a midwife will be able to do her job better than a doctor, then you can go for a good midwife as well. But make sure whoever you choose for your delivery is an expert in what they do.
Invest a good deal of time in selecting your doctor. Maybe you want a female doctor instead of a male one, or perhaps you prefer an experienced doctor over an amateur one; whatever it is, make sure you don’t ignore this part.
3. Have as much sleep as is possible to get
Importance of sleep during pregnancy cannot be overemphasized. This can reduce your morning or night sickness considerably. If you stay busy during the day, make sure you sleep early at night.
If you forget to have your sleep early, then just set an alarm for that or ask your husband to remind you to get sleep. This will not just keep you healthy but also help you feel peaceful inside.
4. Do away with morning sickness
The morning sickness you suffer from can be done away with Ginger. Whether you use it with tea or you use Ginger essential oils or pills, it can be helpful for you. Drink as much water as you can- it will keep you hydrated.
To feel great, sip on ice water whenever you feel like. Keep your mind busy. Let it not focus on your sickness. When you focus your mind elsewhere, you tend to forget how sick you are.
Try to stay active. No, you won’t have to do a lot of hard work; you also won’t have to do the rigorous physical activity. A few minutes of walk every evening or morning will do the trick.
Don’t eat heavily. Eat small meals. But make sure you eat frequently. Find remedies to lower high blood pressure in pregnancy.
Tips for your second trimester
The second trimester can be a lot more difficult than the first one, considering the visible physical change your body undergoes. So, here is what you need to do when you are in this phase of your pregnancy:
- You might have the problem of swollen feet during this phase. Some also notice that their feet have become bigger, sometimes up a complete shoe size. And that is why it would be wise of you to invest in a new pair of shoes, according to the size of your feet. And this new pair of shoes must be comfortable to wear. Make sure you don’t buy heels as they will not be too comfortable for your feet. Flats are great for purchase.
- During pregnancy, your body might get a lot of unwanted hair. Just get rid of all this hair! You want to grow a baby and not body hair, after all! Don’t go for professional hair removal until and unless you have delivered the baby. You can go for methods like tweezing and waxing as they are safe to be opted for.
- Try to sleep on your side. It’s only by sleeping on your side that you will feel comfortable. It’s better to sleep on your left side. Another important reason you should practice side-sleeping is because it increases the blood flow to your baby.
- Keep moisturizing your belly so that no stretch marks develop on the skin.
- Get your nutrients right. Eat nutrient-rich food so that you feel healthy and energetic during your pregnancy.
Also Check: Home remedies for gas during pregnancy
Tips for your third trimester
Feeling comfortable during the third trimester of pregnancy is extremely difficult. A lot of problems starting from back pain during pregnancy and baby kicking begin to bother you if you are 28 weeks pregnant. What bothers most is the lack of sleep. So, here is what you need to do to feel at ease during the third trimester:
- At this phase of pregnancy, your belly remains crowded. And that is why your posture matters a lot. If you want to make your baby feel comfortable inside your womb, try to maintain a good body posture. You can keep your back straight or a little bit arched if you want to provide room to your body to move about. Sitting in a slumped-forward position is a strict no-no.
- Be graceful with your body movements. Don’t make sudden jerky movements. It is this phase of pregnancy when your body remains extremely delicate. And that is why your movements should be smooth and not jerky. By making sudden jerky movements, you will only tax your body more.
- For optimum comfort, take massages and warm water therapy. You can take a warm bath at night for a good night’s sleep. And when you do so, make sure you ask your partner to rub you down.
- Pregnancy pillows are generally bulky. So, if you want to feel amazing in the bed, then use travel pillows instead of pregnancy ones. They will support you exactly where you need the support. If you work in the office, then make sure you carry a pillow with you, so that you can put it on your chair to keep the spine straight.
- Pregnancy aches and pains can be eased considerably with mild exercises. Don’t get freaked out by the use of the word exercise; your exercise doesn’t have to be rigorous; any mild exercise that moves your body without taxing it is good for you.
When is the best time to get pregnant?
A woman conceives when a man’s sperm fertilizes the egg present in her uterus. While a lot of women get pregnant easily, a lot of others have a difficult time conceiving.
The best time to get pregnant is when you have intercourse with your partner within a day or so of ovulation. Now, you must be wondering what ovulation is. Ovulation is, basically, the release of an egg from the ovary.
Ovulation takes place around 14 days post the first day of your last period. This happens if your period follows the 28-days routine. An egg dies only after 12 to 24 hours of its release. It is within this time that the egg must be fertilized by the sperm.
And since sperms do not get destroyed for up to 7 days inside the womb of a woman, they can wait inside the uterus for the egg to get released. And that is why even when you have sex a few days before ovulation, your chances of getting pregnant remain intact.
Also Read: How to get pregnant with twins baby?
What is the best age to get pregnant?
Actually there is no “best age” to get pregnant. You can also have healthy baby during 30s and 40s. But there are some physical conditions which makes a girl perfect for pregnancy in her 20s. Getting pregnant in 40s is a high risk pregnancy.
Women are most fertile and have the best chances of getting pregnant in their 20s. This is the time when girls have the highest number of good quality eggs available and your pregnancy risks are lowest. With the age, your fertility gradually begins to decline. After the age of 35, you have least chance of getting pregnant.
So as per the study, between 20 to 25 is the best age to get pregnant.
What are the best foods to eat when pregnant?
- Dairy products, mainly yogurt, are a great choice for pregnant women. They provide you sufficient amount of protein and calcium. Probiotics may also help reduce the risk of complications.
- Legumes – Legumes like lentils, peas, beans, chickpeas, soybeans and peanuts are excellent plant-based sources of fiber, protein, iron, folate (B9) and calcium — all of which your body needs more of during pregnancy.
- Sweet potatoes are very rich in beta-carotene. This is a plant compound that is converted into vitamin A in your body.
- Omega-3 fatty acids are required during pregnancy, especially the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA. Salmon contains the essential omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, which are important food for brain and eye development in your growing baby. It’s also a natural source of vitamin D.
- Whole eggs are very much nutritious and a great way to increase your overall nutrient intake.
- Broccoli and other dark, green vegetables, such as kale and spinach, contain many of the nutrients pregnant women need.
- Berries contain water, carbs, vitamin C, fiber, vitamins, antioxidants and plant compounds. They may help pregnant women increase their nutrient and water intake.
- Whole grains are packed with fiber, vitamins and plant compounds. They’re also rich in B vitamins, fiber and magnesium. Eating whole grains may help pregnant women meet their increased calorie requirements, especially during the second and third trimesters.
- Dried fruit is generally high in calories, fiber and various vitamins and minerals. Just make sure to limit your portions and avoid candied varieties, to prevent excess sugar intake.
- Drinking water is important as your blood volume increases during pregnancy.
What is the best sleeping position during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, you may feel uncomfortable at night. Unfortunately, your regular sleeping positions may no longer work for you at that time. Reasons for your discomfort may include increased size of abdomen, back pain, heartburn, shortness of breath and insomnia.
The best sleeping position during pregnancy is “SOS” (sleep on side). It is even better if you sleep on your left side. Sleeping on your left side will increase the amount of blood and nutrients that reach the placenta and your baby.
Just keep your knees and legs bent, and put a pillow between your legs.
Juts avoid sleeping on your back and stomach. This can create backaches, breathing and the digestive system problems.
Also Check: 10 Tips to become pregnant fast and easy
Pregnancy due date calculator
Trying to work out when your baby is due? If you’re having trouble remembering dates and counting up the days on your fingers and toes, don’t worry – use our pregnancy due date calculator to work out your baby’s due date.
Pregnancy Calculator :
Last Menstrual Period :
Probable date of conception :
( about two weeks after last menstrual period )
Foetal Age Today :
Best date range for NT scan :
( 12 wks 3 days to 13 wks 3 days )
19 Weeks / Morphology Scan Date :
Estimated Due Date (40 Weeks) :
On , you will be weeks days pregnant.
Previous Ultrasound Date and Foetal Age On That Day :
Can you get your period and still be pregnant?
The answer is you can’t have a menstrual period when you are pregnant but you can certainly experience some vaginal bleeding during pregnancy which can seem like a period, but it is not the same as menstruation.
Bleeding can occur during pregnancy for various reasons such as ‘implantation bleeding’ which may happen because of the fertilized egg burrowing in the lining of the uterus which is full of blood.
While this type of bleeding is nothing to worry about, sometime, the bleeding can be a sign of something serious such as placental issues, ectopic pregnancy, infection, and miscarriage.
If you notice bleeding during pregnancy, it is advisable to consult your gynecologist to rule out the chances of any complications.
Can you get pregnant on the Pill?
The simple answer is yes, you can definitely get pregnant while being on the pill as no pill offers a 100% guarantee that you won’t conceive. However, in most cases, if taken correctly on time, it offers as much as 99% protection from unwanted pregnancy.
It has been observed that only one in 100 women using pills as a method of contraception can get pregnant in one year. The number can rise to 1 woman in 1000 if the pills are taken correctly.
The chances of pregnancy increase when you fail to take the pill regularly. There are two types of contraceptive pills, the combined contraceptive pill and the progesterone-only pill.
The latter is known for being more effective as there are fewer chances of error. You can consult your gynecologist for the type of pill you should be using. It is better to set reminders or keep the pills in sight so that you don’t forget to take them daily.
What can lead to a negative pregnancy test even when you miss the period?
There can be many reasons for a negative test result such as:
- Enough pregnancy hormones have not built up.
- You may not be pregnant and the period got delayed due to other reasons.
- You are pregnant but maybe the test kit isn’t working.
A false pregnancy test can be quite challenging but one of the reasons for a negative result can be you taking the test too early. You can only get a positive test after a certain number of days have passed since the ovulation.
Another significant reason for a negative test can be lack of hCG in your system. Usually, pregnancy tests look for pregnancy hCG hormone which increases during the process of pregnancy.
If you don’t have enough hCG in your urine, you can get a negative test. It happens when you drink a lot of water which dilutes the urine. If you use a test that has expired to take too long to read the results, you may get a negative result.
It is better to wait for a few more days and take the test or consult a gynecologist.
What’s That Dark Line on My Belly?
That new vertical dark line that starts from your pubic bone and end up at your boobs is called the “linea nigra”. It is an outcome of those raging hormones in your body in pregnancy. It’s also called the pregnancy line.
About 80 percent of pregnant women see the linea nigra during pregnancy. It shows usually after the first trimester. It is not unique to pregnancy. You can also see this when you are not pregnant.
If you are near to 23 weeks of pregnancy, the line tends to become darker and more noticeable.
This dark line is probably caused by hormonal changes in your body during pregnancy. This line is present even before you get pregnant, but no one had never really noticed it before. In the normal condition, this line has lighter colour and known as the “white line”. But during pregnancy because of hyper-pigmentation of the skin this ‘white line’ now turns into a ‘black line’.
Linea nigra is common during pregnancy so there is nothing to get worry about this. This line will disappear between nine and 12 months after you conceive. A lot of women will see it fade in the first months postpartum as hormone levels come back to a pre-pregnant state.
The timing varies slightly from woman to woman. Most women aren’t even paying attention to it and simply notice at some point that it is no longer there.
Do some pregnancy friendly light exercises everyday and consume enough vitamin C to keep your skin healthy.
To increase the chances of pregnancy, have sex frequently.
Aren’t these some really amazing pieces of info to know when you are pregnant? Well yes, why not! With this pool of knowledge, you will definitely be able to go through the phase of pregnancy week by week without hassles.