Plumbago indica plant medicinal uses and common name

Plumbago indica medicinal plant is evergreen perennial shrub grows up to a height of 1.5 metres. It remains branched from the base. The stems drop and root and prefers a rich, well-drained soil that is moist. The pH of the soil must lie between 5.5-6 for ideal growth.

The flowers are bisexual; the dark green leaves are 3 inches long and ovate. They are 2-3 inches long and 1-1.5 inches wide. The white flowers have five petals and a stalk. The flowering season is during autumn. It has long, sharp fruits. The brown roots are white within and finger-shaped. The root of the plant finds use in medicine.

Plumbago indica plant medicinal uses and common name

Common name

Red Leadwort or Chitrak or Rakt Chitrak is the common name of this plant.

Botanical name and family

The botanical name is Plumbago Indica. It belongs to the family Plumbaginnaceae.

Geographical areas where Plumbago indica plant grows

It grows in the South-East Asia regions, Africa, China, Arabian Peninsula, Indonesia, Philippines, Europe, Malaysia.

In India, it grows in Eastern Himalayan regions, South India, and other parts such as Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Assam, Manipur, and Nagaland.

Plumbago indica flowers

Plumbago indica medicinal use for curing diseases

The roots contain protease, fructose, sucrose, and plumbagine. It has anti-microbial properties. You can use the roots internally and externally.

Use in stimulating digestion

It stimulates the digestive enzymes, increases pitta and balances vata thereby helping Ama Pachan, or the food digestion. You get indigestion when the food is not digested properly and remains in the stomach or the intestine. This can lead to various problems and diseases.

Strengthen the body immunity

The antimicrobial nature of the Plumbago indica helps to fight against infections. The metabolism gets a boost by the stimulating the digestive system. This helps the person to become strong.

Many uses of its anti-inflammatory nature

Due to the anti-inflammatory property, the Plumbago indica finds use in treating various old-age diseases associated with inflammation such as rheumatism and osteoarthritis. It brings down the swelling and relieves the pain associated with the disease.

Plumbago indica root

Exhibits anti-microbial activity

The Plumbago indica has remarkable antimicrobial properties. It is anti-fungal, antiviral, and antitussive. You can use it to treat a variety of ailments ranging from influenza to worm infestations in the intestine.

Treat chronic respiratory problems

This helps open the airways by removing the phlegm that is obstructing the free flow of air. Prepare tea with the herb and have it with pepper and honey daily until the symptoms improve.

Cure for leprosy and wounds

It shows remarkable healing property for skin wounds. You can apply a poultice of the leaves if you want mild action and that of the roots for a strong action to the skin surface. This will help relieve the symptoms of the disease or wound.

Treatment for dyspepsia

If you have feelings of uneasiness due to gas, indigestion, or heartburn, you can use the Plumbago indica to get relief. This will stimulate bowel movement and remove any excess food or bacteria in the intestines. You get relief almost instantly. Do not overdose as it is poisonous. Better still, take the advice of a registered medical practitioner.

Helps reduce weight

You can use the decoction made with the plant to help you lose weight. Remember that the plant is poisonous and so take care to keep the dose mild. The extract will stimulate the internal fire and help you increase the rate of digestion so that you begin to burn more calories than you eat. You will notice a significant reduction in weight within a week.

Improves the metabolism

Making the metabolism strong is the way to better health. To do this, one must take measured doses of the root regularly for a week. This will speed up the metabolism, improve the appetite, and make you stronger.

Cures swelling and inflammation

Most of the inflammation happens by infection or formation of pus. If there is any tenderness in the muscles, this will also cause swelling. Using the extract of this plant, you can treat the swelling and ease the pain and remove the underlying cause of the inflammation.

Used for nausea

People who feel nauseous can get relief by drinking a decoction made with the leaves of the plant. Use a mild dose only. It will refresh you instantly. You can get relief from headaches and overcome depression by having the tea made with the extract of Plumbago indica.

Balance the body fluid levels

You can balance the fluids by having the herb with milk or ghee and honey. Continue this treatment for a month. If you want to balance the vata, have the herb with sesame oil.

Treatment for piles

You can get an effective treatment for hemorrhoids by using the decoction made with this herb with buttermilk. Use it for two weeks and check if there is any progress. If not, increase the dosage but do not overdo it as this is poisonous.

Also Read: Piles treatment at home

Cure infestation of ringworm

Have some powdered root (a very small amount) with black tea daily in the morning. Within a week, you become free from all the worms.

Remedy for skin disease

You can treat all types of skin ailments from scabies to blisters and boils with this herb. Apply a poultice on the open wounds or drink a decoction to treat allergies. You must prepare only a mild extract and apply it immediately.

Treat tuberculosis

Treating tuberculosis with traditional medicine is prone to mild to severe side effects. Due to this, many prefer to use the extract of Plumbago indica. Use the extract in honey and milk for one month at least. Then, you will have relief from the disease.

Helpful for action against bronchitis

You can remove the blockages in the lungs by having the tea made from this plant. It will help remove the phlegm and make your respiratory system active. It boosts the metabolic activity along with this, and so you experience better and easier breathing.

Side effects

The Plumbago Indica is poisonous. You must take this only in small doses. In large doses, it might cause death. Pregnant women should not use it. It may cause or worsen menstruation.


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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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2 Comments on “Plumbago indica plant medicinal uses and common name”

  1. Hi, good afternoon, I’m writing, because I’m interested in buying seeds or seedlings of plumbago indica or rosea, red color because I’m a producer and landscaper and I do not think if you can help me, thank you.

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