The Mucuna pruriens is a creeping vine that prefers tropical regions. This climbing shrub has hair when the plant is young but the air falls off when the plant becomes older. The leaves are ovate, trip-innate, and reverse ovate. They have 15-30 cm long flowers arranged in panicles. The hair present on the plant is stinging and cause itchiness of the skin because it has the chemical mucunain a phytochemical.
Geographical places where mucuna pruriens plant grows
It grows in most tropical areas in India, Africa, and the Caribbean. You can also find it in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Indonesia, and Bangladesh. In India, it grows in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Central parts, Bihar, and Odisha.
The common name for this is Cowhage, Velvet bean, and Kainch. The Sanskrit name is kapikacchu.
Botanical name or family
The botanical name is Mucuna pruriens. It belongs to the Fabaceae family.
Mucuna pruriens medicinal uses
The hair, bean, and seed of the plant are used in making chemicals. The bio-active compound in Mucuna pruriens is levodopa. You can cure a variety of diseases as described below.
Treatment for infertility: The Mucuna pruriens is one of the natural treatment of male infertility.
Helps dissipate stress: In a study conducted for a group of 140 people, it was observed that the Mucuna pruriens helped to reduce the stress. People with the nervous disorder will find much relief. You can have a preparation of the bean powder with milk and get much relief.
Galactagogue nature: The beans of the plant are crushed and made into a paste. This is used as a food supplement for nursing mothers to increase the supply of milk.
Brings peace: The sedative effect is produced on eating the Mucuna pruriens as a powder with water or milk. This eases depression, brings much sleep to people suffering from insomnia, and under mild depression.
Use as an antidote: It can counter snake venom and so the paste of the seed is administered to snakebite victims. It can also be used for those who suffer from scorpion stings and dog bites.
Helps build up muscle: People who involve in sporting activities take the Mucuna pruriens to help build muscle mass. Even ordinary people who have a weak body structure can have this to become stronger.
Helps stop dysmenorrhea: You can get relief from painful menstrual bleeding with the Mucuna pruriens paste. Take a little and have it with the morning tea. This will bring relief to you.
Improves libido: Men have it for increasing the libido and having sex for a longer time. It is helpful for both men and women. You should have ¼ – ½ teaspoon in warm milk with honey after your night meal.
Cures body leakage: People use Mucuna pruriens to stop leakages and weakness in the body. It cures leucorrhoea and Spermatorrhea by strengthening the body system.
Helps cure neurodegenerative diseases: It gives strength to the nerves and improves the cognitive ability. People use this to treat Parkinson’s disease.
Antipyretic nature: It helps bring down fever due to its antipyretic nature.
Use as an emetic: For people who suffer a drug overdose or have swallowed some poisonous substance, it might be necessary to induce vomiting. You can use Mucuna pruriens as an emetic.
Helps paralytic patients: The Mucuna pruriens bean helps increase the flow of blood. This proves to be useful when you have paralysis.
Eases the pain: The Velvet bean helps to reduce the body pain and any joint pain. Having a glass of milk added with ½ teaspoon of the powder of the bean would decrease the intensity of the pain you feel.
Useful content of antioxidants: The bean has useful content of antioxidants that fights the action of the free radicals. The free radicals destroy the healthy body cells and cause diseases and infections. The Mucuna pruriens gets rid of the free radicals. This helps prevent the incidence of cancer.
Purification action of the Velvet bean: The Velvet bean gets rid of the toxins in the blood. It also flushes the kidneys and makes them healthy. The diuretic action helps to push all the toxins out of the body.
Reduces cholesterol: Mucuna pruriens lowers the LDL cholesterol in the blood. This helps improve the condition of the blood and enhance the heart health. Have the powder of the bean in milk with honey daily. Add ½ teaspoon of the powder in 1 glass of milk. Add 2 teaspoons of honey. Have this daily before going to bed.
Helps prevent kidney stones: By flushing the kidney of the toxins, Velvet bean helps prevent the formation of kidney stones. Make sure you have the powder of the bean at least once a week with milk.
Simulating drink: Having a tea made from the crushed beans is a very invigorating drink. Have it in the morning instead of tea and feel the difference.
Improve the health of the nerves: Mucuna pruriens helps improve the health of the nerves. Have a decoction of the powdered beans regularly to have improvement to the nervous health. Add ½ teaspoon of the powdered bean to one glass of warm water.
Uterine stimulant: You can use velvet beans to start the contractions during childbirth. This will speed up the labour and make the contractions strong.
Helpful for treating tuberculosis: People use the Velvet bean to get relief in the cases involving tuberculosis.
Weight reduction: This is useful for helping people who want to drop weight. Add ½ teaspoon of the powder to your daily meal and see the difference after one week. Do not overdo it.
Anthelmintic nature: If you have worms in your stomach you can use the Velvet bean to get rid of them. Have a ½ teaspoon of the powdered bean with warm water daily for a week. You will soon be rid of the worms.
Helpful for cholera: The Velvet bean helps cure cholera.
Cure diarrhoea: It is helpful for treating diarrhea. Have the bean powder tea for relief.
Helps deal with inflammation: The Velvet bean is useful for dealing with inflammation. You can use the bean powder to get relief for gout and other inflammatory diseases.
One should not try to consume the pods on their own without the help of a practicing physician.