Marigold flower information, uses, types and images (Genda Phool)

Marigold flower plant is an annual that grows in bright, sunny regions and have bright yellow or orange blooms. The leaves are pinnate and green. The flower heads are 4-6 cm in diameter and have both ray florets and disc florets.

They grow to a height of 10-210 cm. They grow well in almost all kinds of soils with good drainage. You should not plant them near legumes since the marigold roots exude antibacterial thiophenes.  They bloom through the warmer months extending from May to October.

Marigold Plant, flower information, types and benefits

Marigold flower benefits, plant medicinal uses and images

Common name

Common names for this plant are Mary bud, gold bloom, pot marigold, holigold, garden marigold, and ruddes. In Hindi its known as Genda. We have different kind of Marigold flower:

  • African marigolds (Tagetes erecta)
  • French marigolds (Tagetes patula)
  • Triploid hybrids
  • Signet marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia)

Botanical name or family

The botanical name is Calendula Officinalis. African or American Marigolds are known as Tagetes erecta. It belongs to the Asteraceae family.

Geographical locations where Marigold flower grows

It grows natively in the Mediterranean region, especially Egypt. However, these days they are grown in most countries that have profuse sunlight.

Marigold medicinal uses & health benefits

The ingredients found in marigold flower that give it its medicinal value include linoleic acid, calendic acid, calendulin a plant sterol, oleanolic acid glycosides, tocopherols, triterpenes saponins such as triterpenoid, flavonoids, carotenoids, and polysaccharides.

The preparations used in treatment include the petals of the flower and the seeds. You crush them and use in the paste form. You can make a decoction or tea with the flowers and seeds.

Skin disease

Use the petals of the flower for preparing a paste to apply on the skin. This is used to treat dryness, sunburns, warts, bites, acne cure, wounds, and rejuvenates the skin. It removes blisters effectively.

Respiratory problem

One of the best solutions for those with respiratory problems is to use the extract of the marigold flower. Use the dried flower, mix it with curds and have it daily. A stronger cure is got by eating the mixture of the seeds and the crushed flowers.

Urinary problem

For people with scanty urination, drinking the decoction prepared from the marigold flower will help. Crush 5-10 leaves and mix with the seeds. Have this daily in the morning, and you will be able to get relief from your urinary problem.

Marigold flower plant

Digestive problems

You can make a tea from the flowers of the marigold plant. This soothes colitis and inflammatory bowel syndrome. It further benefits those with gastritis, ulcers, acid reflux, and stomach cramps. You can also use it to treat menstrual cramps.


Using preparations of the marigold flower can help cure hemorrhoids, anal tears, and candida. Apply the paste of the flower to the anal region for two weeks continuously. You can also have a tea made from the petals of the marigold flower.

Anal prolapse

Anal or rectal prolapse occurs when the walls of the anus slide or slip from its place and begin to stick out of the anus. In most cases, surgery is needed, but, in some cases, it is possible to treat the condition using marigold flower extract.

Erectile dysfunction

For people suffering from erectile dysfunction, the use of the Calendula extract in the daily diet will help relieve the symptoms. Use the seeds for this. Crush the seeds and make a paste. Mix it with your dish and eat it. This will help improve your health as time passes.

Also Read: Cure erectile dysfunction

Remove stones

The stone and calculi that form in the kidneys and liver can be removed by using the flower extract. Prepare a decoction of the leaves and petals of the flower. Have this thrice a day for two weeks. This will remove the stone and prevent it from coming back.

Prevent free radical damage

One of the main reasons for aging is the damage due to the free radicals. The flower extracts lower cytokine and C-reactive protein levels that prevent such damage and cell deterioration. This control of oxidative damage extends to all parts of the body such as protection against the infections of the skin, genitals, and GI tract from attacks by bacteria and viruses.

Help healing of wounds

Use of calendula helps prevent the growth of bacteria in wounds. It reduces the symptoms of chemotherapy and cancer treatments.


People use the marigold plant extract to cure almost anything. One such is a toothache. You can chew the leaves of the plant early in the morning to clean the teeth. This action prevents and deters a toothache. This is due to the action of the chemicals in the plant that prevents the growth of pathogens.

Pain in the ears

First wash the leaves of the calendula plant under running water to remove the dirt and mud. Then, crush the leaves and extract the juice. Put two drops in the ear twice a day. You can get rid of the pain in the ears.

Breast swelling

You can get remedy from breast swelling by applying the paste of the calendula leaves on the breast externally. Apply this twice a day, in the morning and the evening.

Cracked heels

If you have cracked heels, you will probably experience pain while walking. To get relief, use the crushed leaves of the marigold plant. Apply the paste over the cracked region, and you will see the cracks disappear within two weeks.

Hepatoprotective nature

The flower extract has good hepatoprotective action. This means it prevents damage to the liver. The damage is called hepatotoxicity. The liver is one of the most important organs in the body performing a variety of necessary functions.

The main functions performed by the liver include detoxification of indigenous and exogenous waste, storage of necessary ingredients, secretion of hormones, and metabolic activity.

Sprain or swelling

If you suffer from a muscular sprain or have some swelling in the body due to external injury, you can use the poultice made from fresh leaves to treat them. This will work immediately, and you will become relieved of the symptoms.

Cough and fever

Calendula Officinalis is used extensively for treating coughs and fevers. It can relieve the symptoms of a sore throat. Use a glass of the decoction prepared from the flowers twice a day.

Effective fungal infections treatment

The flower proves to be most beneficial for treating all kinds of fungal infections. People use it to treat infections of the skin, mouth, eyes, feet, and genitals.

Calendula plant or Marigold flower have no side effects. But, do not overdo the cure as this may lead to problems.


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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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