Hyperthyroidism: Causes, symptoms and diet

The thyroid gland produces two thyroid hormones which are T3 and T4. These hormones control the function of our body’s metabolic system and other hormones. For some reason, the condition of having these hormones produced more than normal in the thyroid gland is called hyperthyroidism. This disease can have many adverse effects on the body. Here, we will talk about hyperthyroidism causes, symptoms and diet.

Hyperthyroidism: Causes, symptoms and diet

To keep this problem under control and to recognize it early, it is important that you have knowledge of the necessary information related to this disease.

Today there are many patients who are suffering from hyperthyroidism but they are deprived of treatment due to lack of information.

Causes of hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can happen for many reasons. More information about these reasons is given below:

  • Grave’s disease: This is an auto immune disease. It is found more in women and there may be many people in the family with this disease. Due to the antibodies of the body in this disease, the discharge of the hormone is higher from the thyroid gland.
  • Excessive amount of iodine intake forces thyroid gland to produce high quantity of hormones.
  • Due to swelling in the thyroid gland because of viral or bacterial infections, hormone secretion gets high.
  • Ovary knot
  • Knot in testis
  • Medicines like Lithium Carbonate
  • Pituitary or Hypothalamus Disturbances
  • Knot in thyroid gland
  • Goiter

Also Check: Best diet for 40+ year old woman for thyroid

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

  • No heat tolerance
  • Excess sweating
  • Hair fall
  • Weakness
  • Cardiovascular progression
  • Insomnia
  • Lose weight unnecessarily
  • Breast enhancement in men
  • Trembling hands
  • Itching
  • Soft nail

Due to cardiac failure in some patients of hyperthyroidism, there may be symptoms such as shortness of breath, anxiety, cinematic pain and dizziness. If such symptoms are observed, contact the doctor immediately.

What foods to eat in hyperthyroidism diet

We are going to tell you about hyperthyroidism diet which included what foods to eat and foods to avoid.

What foods to eat in hyperthyroidism diet

1. Strawberries, Blueberries and Raspberry

Berries are such fruits which contain a large number of antioxidants, which strengthen our immune system. Therefore, they must be consumed.

2. Cruciferous veggies

Cruciferous veggies such as broccoli (broccoli), cauliflower, cabbage, etc. belong to the goitrogen family, and they reduce the thyroid hormone produced by thyroid glands. If possible then eat these vegetables uncooked otherwise eat as a cooked vegetable.

Also Read: Best superfoods to increase metabolism

3. Vitamin D and Omega-3s for thyroid health

Earlier no direct link was found between vitamin D and thyroid, but one study found that vitamin D levels were significantly lower in hypothyroid patients.

That is why doctors now advise to take vitamin D when the thyroid is present. You can take these things to get Vitamin D:

  1. Salmon (a kind of fish) – This gives you the dose of Omega-3 fatty acids along with vitamin D which keeps you healthy.
  2. The eggs.
  3. Mushroom.
  4. For omega 3 you can use walnuts, olive oil and flaxseed.

4. Protein-rich diet

Weight loss due to hyperthyroidism is a common problem, so taking adequate protein can ensure that your weight is correct. For this, you can eat these things:

  • Meat, mutton, chicken
  • Lentils, gram, soybean
  • Beans and nuts

Also Read: Unexpected whey protein side effects

5. Green vegetables or their juice

Nutrient green vegetables or their juices reduce thyroid function. Therefore you should take cabbage, spinach, etc. in the form of a vegetable or juice.

6. Food containing zinc

Zinc is an important element for body functions. Due to hyperthyroidism, your body may be deficient in it. So you should include these things in your diet:

  • Cereals, bran, multigrain cereals
  • Wheat gooseberry
  • Spinach, pumpkin seeds
  • Pomegranate, Avocado
  • Soybean
  • Fish, chicken
  • Crab, lobster

So this was the list of things that should be included in the diet of hyperthyroidism.

What foods not to eat in hyperthyroidism diet

What foods not to eat in hyperthyroidism diet

1. Iodized diet

As we know that iodine raises the activity of thyroid gland in hyperthyroidism, so it is important that we should avoid foods that have high amounts of iodine hyperthyroidism diet. Such as:

  1. Iodized salt.
  2. Sea foods such as – celery (seaweed), seaweeds, etc.
  3. Cranberry.
  4. Organic curd.
  5. Organic strawberry.
  6. Organic cheese.
  7. Organic potatoes.

2. Foods that give allergies to you

If you eat something that is allergic to you, then it can make your hyperthyroidism symptoms worse. You may have difficulty in breathing, skin rashes, stomach cramps, and diarrhea.

If you are suspected of food allergies, you may have some suspected food items such as dairy products, corn, soy, wheat gluten, artificial food additives.

Also Read: Home remedies for stomach bloating

Whenever you separate a food item from your diet, keep in mind that the nutrients you get from them conjugate in other ways.

For example: If you do not take dairy products, your body may lack calcium, so you should take fortified rice, almond milk, and seafood. Instead of the wheat gluten, you can take gluten-free starches, gluten-free oatmeal, brown rice and sweet potatoes.

3. High glycemic carbs

The thyroid disorder can affect your carbohydrate metabolism and sugar control. But, since carbohydrates are the source of your energy, you cannot be careless with them. But to keep the right level of your blood sugar, you can do the limits of high-glycemic sources.

So you should eat less flour, white bread, potatoes, sugar, rice, etc. Instead, you can eat barley, porridge, brown bread, whole-grain pasta, and lentils.

4. Caffeine

Caffeine increases the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, so you should take less caffeine content, such as:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Cold drink
  • Chocolate

Also Read: Health benefits of coffee

5. Dairy Products

Full cream milk is not good for Hyperthyroidism. Milk and other dairy products have different growth hormones and penicillin traces, which put additional pressure on the human hormonal system.

Along with milk and other dairy products, a type of protein casein is also found which makes the digestion process difficult. Therefore, most patients with hyperthyroidism are advised to reduce the intake of milk, yogurt, etc.

However, it is also a fact that there are many benefits of dairy products, so it is important to take advice from the doctor so how much they have to eat or not.

6. Red Meat

Red meat such as pork, beef, lamb, in which the amount of cholesterol or saturated fat is high, should be lowered. Doing this reduces the symptoms of hyperthyroidism in your body and swelling of the.

Also Read: Is red meat good or bad for health?

7. Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil

Hydrogenated vegetable oil is used in many commercially prepared food items. These contain trance fat which damages the good cholesterol and makes the symptoms of hyperthyroidism worse. Therefore, minimize consumption of cookies sold in the market, donuts, margarine, pie crusts, etc.

8. Alcohol

The energy level of your body gets disturbed when you take alcohol. It increasing the problem of sleep associated with hyperthyroidism. It also increases the risk of osteoporosis due to hyperthyroidism. So leave the liquor completely or limit it.

Follow this hyperthyroidism diet to teat this problem naturally.

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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of www.medicinalplantsanduses.com. He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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