What are early signs of pregnancy and tests to confirm it?

For many women, it is difficult to figure out if they are pregnant as they fail to recognize the early signs of pregnancy. If you are in the initial stage of your pregnancy i.e. from week 1 to week 4, the process is still in the cellular stage.

The egg that has been fertilized will create a fluid-filled group of cells known as blastocyst which will further develop into baby’s body parts and organs.  Find complete detail about pregnancy.

Early signs of pregnancy | Pregnancy symptoms & tests

9 early signs of pregnancy before missed period

Here’s a look at some of the eminent symptoms that signify your early pregnancy:

1. Implantation bleeding

Once you conceive, within 10 to 14 days you may experience some implantation bleeding as the blastocyst will implant itself in the lining of the uterus. The light bleeding is sometimes misunderstood as having a lighter period.

How to identify the implantation bleeding?

  • The color of blood spots will be brown, red or pink.
  • You may experience bleeding and not spotting.
  • You may experience some pain which can vary from being mild, moderate, or severe.
  • The implantation bleeding will last for 3 or lesser days.

2. Feeling tired

Though fatigue can be felt any time during the pregnancy, it is more common during the initial stage. There will be an increase in the progesterone levels in your body which will make you feel drowsy.

Also Read: Natural remedies for morning sickness & vomiting

3. Changes in breast

The changes in breast happen between 4th to 6th weeks. The breasts may feel tender or swollen due to hormonal changes. When your body will get adjusted to the hormonal changes, the breasts will become normal. Later on, the changes in breasts and nipples may occur in the 11th week when the breasts start to grow, the areola becomes darker and larger.

Also Read: Common problems that women face during pregnancy

4. Missed period

Once the egg is implanted, the body produces hCG hormones which help the body in retaining pregnancy and instructs the ovaries to stop releasing the mature eggs.

This will make you miss your period next month 4 weeks after the conception. If you have an irregular period cycle, this may get confusing, and you will have to rely on a pregnancy test for confirmation.

5. Increase in body temperatures

Also Read: How to stop vaginal discharge during pregnancy?

One of the signs of an early pregnancy is higher basal body temperature. The core temperature of your body may also increase during working out or in a hot weather. You may need to drink water or exercise carefully for maintaining the body temperature.

6. Increase in heart rate

During the 8th to 10th week of your pregnancy, the heart may start pumping harder and faster. This happens due to changes in hormones.

Also Read: Natural ways to balance hormones in females

7. Frequent urination

Your body increases the amount of blood it pumps when you are pregnant. This leads the kidney to process more fluid, and more fluid accumulates in your bladder. Hormones are responsible for the same.

Also Read: How to treat uti treatment during pregnancy?

8. Morning sickness and nausea

This is one of the most common symptoms experienced by most women during pregnancy. The symptom develops around 4 to 6 weeks. Though it is called morning sickness, it can happen during any time of the day or even night. There is no definite reason for morning sickness or nausea, but it may happen due to hormones.

9. Bloating and constipation

You may feel bloated during your early pregnancy which may happen because of the hormone changes. It can also affect your digestive system which may lead to constipation as well. However, you can expect constipation in the later stage of your pregnancy also.

Also Read: Natural remedies to treat constipation in pregnancy

Pregnancy tests

If you experience one or more from the above-mentioned symptoms, it is time to take the pregnancy test. Lot of people asks that how many pregnancy tests to take for accuracy. If taking properly than one test is enough. But sometimes to be sure, you can take more than one tests.

The pregnancy tests will help in getting accurate results. Here’s a look at some of the tests that would help in confirming your pregnancy:

1. Pregnancy test at home

You can use the home test on the first day of missing your period, and in case of some sensitive tests, you can even try earlier. The tests work by detecting hCG in the urine.

The hormone is found in the body only during pregnancy. There is a chemical in the stick which changes its color when it comes in contact with the hCG hormone.

The time taken for showing the result may vary but mostly it takes 10 minutes for results to show. If you take the test too soon, it may show a negative result so you should take the test again after a few days.

Few pregnancy tests at home are:

1. Stored Urine Test

  • Store your urine in a bottle or vessel.
  • Then leave it as it is for next 3-4 hours.
  • If a white film forms on the top surface of the urine, chances are you may be pregnant.
  • If there is no change in the urine and it remains clear than you are not pregnant.

2. Test using Toothpaste

pregnancy test using toothpaste

We all know that the first urine of the day holds the secret so store it in a bottle. Now take some white tooth paste in a small bowl and add some urine sample to it. Leave it as it is for a couple of hours. If it changes color or begins to froth, you probably are pregnant.

3. Bleach Test

  • Store the first urine in the morning and add some bleaching powder to it.
  • If you are pregnant than the urine will start fizzing and foaming.
  • If you want to avoid bleaching powder, try using a concentrated soap solution.

4. Sugar Test

People are using sugar to test for pregnancy from ancient time. It is the most common natural pregnancy test.

  • Take a clean bowl, one tablespoon of sugar.
  • Store the first urine that you passed in the morning in a bottle.
  • Now put one tablespoon of sugar in the small bowl and add one tablespoon of the collected urine in it. Wait for some time.
  • The urine of pregnant women contains the Hormone HCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin). HCG prevents the sugar from dissolving. After some time, you will see that the sugar will not readily dissolve and will form clumps instead. It means you are pregnant. If the sugar dissolves in the urine, you are not pregnant.

5. Salt Pregnancy Test

Salt Pregnancy Test
It’s a very simple and cheap test to confirm pregnancy.

  • Take a clean glass and a pinch or two of salt.
  • Store your first urine that you passed in the morning in a bottle.
  • Take some stored urine in the glass and add a pinch or two of salt in it. Wait for next 3-5 minutes.
  • If you are pregnant, the salt will react with the urine. You will see creamy white clumps in the urine. This is a definite sign of pregnancy.

6. Dettol Pregnancy Test

Dettol is a mild antiseptic which we use to treat minor cuts and bruises at home. We can use it to check if you are pregnant or not.

  • Take one tablespoonful of Dettol in the glass and add 3 tablespoonful of urine in it. Sit back and wait for five to seven minutes.
  • If the urine separates itself from the Dettol to form a separate layer on top it means you are pregnant.
  • If they both mixes well and does not separate then there is no pregnancy.

2. Urine test at Clinic

This is yet another way of confirming your pregnancy. The test takes place the Doctor’s clinic. These tests are not very different from the pregnancy tests that you take at home but the doctor may help in eliminating any potential errors that may happen when taking the test at home.

The clinical urine test can be more expensive than the test taken at home. You can expect the results to come within a week of taking the tests.

3. Blood test

The blood test is taken at the Doctor’s office where the blood would be tested for your hCG. There are two types of pregnancy blood tests:

  1. Qualitative hCG blood test: The test will help in determining if any hCG is produced in your body and it offers a clear answer if you are pregnant or not.
  2. Quantitative hCG blood test: This test is aimed at determining the specific level of hCG in the blood.

The hCG tests can even help in determining your pregnancy before the urine test. Blood tests are expensive than the tests that you take at home, and you need to wait longer for the results. Blood tests may take a week for the results.


These are some of the eminent symptoms of early pregnancy. If you experience one or more symptoms, you can use any of the above-mentioned pregnancy tests to confirm if you are actually pregnant and further the gynecologist can help in letting you know how many weeks pregnant you are. It is always recommended to consult the gynecologist for a pregnancy confirmation.

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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of www.medicinalplantsanduses.com. He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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