Caper plant benefits, medicinal uses and side effects

The Caper plant or Capparis Spinosa is an evergreen plant with fleshy leaves and large white flowers. It grows to a height of 60-100 cm and has width of 90-180 cm. The leaves are round to ovate, alternate, thick, and shiny. In this article, we will talk about caper plant benefits, medicinal uses and side effects.

The sweetly fragrant flowers of this plant are complete with 4 petals and 4 sepals. It has a single stigma that rises above the stamens. It is hermaphrodite. 

Caper plant benefits, medicinal uses and side effects

Common name of Caper plant

The common name of the plant is caper. Other common names include Himsra and Cabra. 

Botanical name and family of Caper plant

The botanical name of this plant is Capparis Spinosa. It belongs to the Capparidaceae family. 

Geological places where Capparis Spinosa grows

It grows well on hostile landscape such as gravelly soil and rocky hillside of northern Africa, Middle East, southern Europe, and north-western Asia extending to the Himalayas, Northern Australia, and Pacific Islands. It is grown mainly in South-eastern Iberian Peninsula, Aeolian and Pantelleria Islands, and Morocco. 

Caper plant benefits and medicinal uses

Ancient Greeks have used capers since the olden times for curing problems of gas in the intestine. There are references to caper in many of the literary works. In Biblical references, we see caper being used as an aphrodisiac. Daily pickling of the caper buds is usual and they must be pickles early in the morning.

Here are some of the uses of caper plant for curing medical conditions.

  • Toothache: To cure the toothache, the extract from the plant is used. They take it internally by keeping the pickled bud between the teeth for 20 minutes at a time.
  •  Fever: It has antipyretic properties and helps bring down a fever. Take the decoction of the leaves twice a day for best results.
  • Headache: Cures mild headaches – have the infusion of the caper flower and leaves early in the morning.
  • Menstruation: It is good for improving the blood flow for those who have trouble with their periods. Have the decoction of the leaves and the pickled buds and it will relieve your condition.
  • Rheumatism: Helps open the air passages and remove the phlegm from the airways. Have the decoction of the caper fruit and leaves twice a day.
  • Convulsions: It has calming effect on the smooth muscles. This helps us get more control over the convulsions. People who get seizures must take the infusion of the crushed fruit and leaves twice a day.
  • Gout: It has anti-inflammatory properties that prove good for those with the disease of the bone joints. We can apply the paste of the leaves on the joints and get relief from the joint swelling and pain.
  • Skin disease: This plant helps the skin grow in a healthy manner. You can cure all kinds of irritations and diseases of the skin like eczema by applying the paste on the skin.
  • Kidney disease: Good for flushing the toxins from the body, the infusion of the caper plant help the health of the kidneys. Drink the decoction of the leaves and twigs daily to keep your kidney in good shape.
  • Liver disease: It has hepatoprotective action and so you can improve the health of the liver using the extract of the plant.
  • Diabetes: You can use it for controlling the sugar levels in the blood. Have the infusion morning and evening. But, check your sugar levels, if you are taking anti-diabetic medicine already.
  • Haemorrhoids: This is an anti-haemorrhoidal that helps you get relief from your piles. Apply the paste of the leaves and flowers on the piles daily until the condition improves.
  • Ulcers: It has healing nature and so you can cure ulcers by drinking the infusion of the leaves daily.
  • Sciatica: If you have back pain, you can use the extract from the plant to get relief from back pain. It improves the functioning of the nerves and relieves the pain.
  • Carminative: It gives relief for gas problems. Have the infusion twice day for the best results.
  • Analgesic: If you have pain, you can use the infusion from the Capparis Spinosa root and bark to get relief.
  • Anthelmintic: You can expel parasitic worms by using the extract from the bark.
  • Aperient: For people with constipation, the use of the root extract of the Capparis spinosa is helpful.
  • Deobstruent: Use of the decoction of the root and bark of the caper plant helps the body fluids that are obstructed to flow again.
  • Depurative: Use the decoction of the Capparis Spinosa root and bark to get rid of the toxins in the body.
  • Diuretic: Helps the passage of urine, drink the decoction of the root to prevent formation of kidney stones.
  • Tonic: The extract of the plant helps to improve health and energizes the person. Drink the decoction daily and improve your health.
  • Vasoconstrictive: The ability of the plant to make the blood vessels narrow is helpful for people suffering from hypotension.
  • Diarrhoea: If you suffer from diarrhea, then drink the juice of the leaves and get relief.
  • Capillary weakness: You can improve the strength of your capillaries by drinking the infusion of the leaves and bark daily. They strengthen the capillaries and make you healthy again.
  • Easy bruising: When blood vessels get weakened by disease, then the person is said to have easy bruising. We can use the infusion of the caper bark and the leaves to get relief and strengthen the blood vessels.
  • Improve the appetite: We harvest the bark in autumn and dry it. It is bitter and has a diuretic property. Take some before meals to increase the appetite.
  • Improve motion: To improve bowel movement, you can use the unopened flower buds. Most people take the pickled buds to get the bowel movement.
  • Treat coughs: The infusion of the bark will remove the nasal irritation and help improve the conditions when one has cough.
  • External use for eye infections:  The Capparis Spinosa plant has aldose-reductase inhibitors. This is useful for preventing cataracts.
  • Stomach pain: Harvest buds before flowers open and pickle it. Then you can use it to get relief from stomach pain.
  • Vaginal infection: You can treat vaginal thrush using the decoction of the plant.

Side effects of Capparis spinosa

There are no known side effects of Capparis spinosa plant. However, if you should see any reactions such as rashes or fever, stop using it and consult your doctor. 


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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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