Priyangu or Callicarpa macrophylla shrub is erect and grows 1-2 meters in height. The young branches are dense and woolly, the leaves are opposite. The flowers grow in clusters. The leaves are 18-30 cm long ovate as Lancelot. In this article, we will talk about Callicarpa macrophylla medicinal uses and benefits.
It has a rounded base and beneath it has white tomentose. The flowers are rose in color and small, 5 cm across and 2 cm in length. The succulent fruits are white drupes 45 cm in size.
Callicarpa macrophylla common name
The common name of this plant is Priyangu. Other names include Jati Vriksha and Beauty Berry.
Latin name – Callicarpa Macrophylla Vahl
Names in different languages:
Hindi name : Phalini, Daya
English name : Beutyberry
Bengali name : Matara, Mathara
Gujarati name : Priyangu
Kannada name : Priyangu
Malayalam name : Gawhla, Nalal, Jativruksha
Marathi name : Garhala
Punjabi name : Priyang, Sumali
Tamil name : Ittauduga, Vettilai pattai, Seembakulthu
Telugu name: Kodauduga
Botanical name and family of Priyangu
The botanical name of this plant is Callicarpa macrophylla. It belongs to the Varbenaceae family.
Geological regions where Beauty Berry plant grows
It grows well in India and Malaysia. In India, it grows in Bengal and Assam and the sub-Himalayan tracts. It also grows in North-eastern India including Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura.
Callicarpa macrophylla medicinal uses
Callicarpa macrophylla has been in use since the olden times for treating a variety of ailments. The leaves, fruit, root, and the bark find use in medical preparations. You can make decoction and tincture for this purpose.
- Control bleeding: If you have cuts and bruises, you can use the powder of the priyangu bark to dress the wounds. This helps to speed up the healing process and give relief for the pain.
- Improve the complexion of the face: By dusting the powdered bark on the face along with curd or milk, you can improve the beauty of the facial skin. You can add it to any face pack – cucumber or besan flour face pack to improve the luster on the face.
- Treat gingivitis: Another use for the powdered bark of Priyangu is to cure gingivitis. Use the powder to brush your bleeding gums and teeth daily in the morning and evening. It will get rid of the ailment and make your gums healthy and strong again.
- Control bleeding in the tract: If you have piles or peptic ulcer, you can use the decoction of the Priyangu bark to control it. Prepare a decoction by boiling two pieces of one inch bark in a cup of water. Filter, cool, and drink this morning and evening. This will soon give you relief from the ulcer and piles.
- Antipyretic property: Priyangu has antipyretic nature so it brings down a fever. They use the cold infusion of the bark or the root for this. It is also helpful for bringing down the burning sensation in the body. This is because of the cooling nature of the plant.
- General tonic: The dried powder of the Priyangu plant is added to milk and given to patients with a weak disposition. This will improve their body strength and give them energy. You can give this both in the morning and the evening for good results.
- Treat skin ailments: Make a paste of the bark of Callicarpa macrophylla and apply it on the skin. This will give relief and help quicken the healing process. You can cure a number of ailments with this.
- Purify the blood: The cold infusion of the bark or root will help purify the blood. Drink the infusion on an empty stomach in the morning for the best effect.
- Helps control inflammation: The Priyangu is useful for reducing the inflammation in the bone joints. You can apply the paste of the leaf or bark on the joints in the mid-morning and early evening. This will reduce the inflammation and bring relief for the pain. People with arthritis and gout will find this useful.
- Helpful in treating tumors: If there are tumors, the use of Priyangu helps to reduce and cure the tumor. Also, it helps bring down the abdominal pain if the person has it.
- Good for digestive disorders: The decoction of the leaves of the plant help in curing diarrhea. It will settle the stomach and help stop the diarrhea. Have the decoction two to three times a day or until you get relief. It also helps those who have constipation. The decoction helps stimulate the bowel movement and strengthen the digestion. Have one glass of the decoction before your meal for the best results.
- Treatment for conjunctivitis: You can cure the infection of the eye with the juice of the flowers. Put in two drops of the juice early in the morning and late at night before you go to bed. This will help cure the conjunctivitis fast.
- Bandage for wounds: Use the crushed leaves to cover foul ulcers and wounds. This helps to heal the wound and gives protection to the skin.
- Help during pregnancy: The tender fruits of udumbara and Callicarpa macrophylla are crushed and mixed with milk. This is given to pregnant women to help get relief from the bleeding. The fruits must be cooked well to give the best effect.
- Bring down acidity: For people with hyper-acidity, the powdered Priyangu is mixed with sugar and given. This brings down the acidity and gives good appetite to the person.
- Good for blood disorders: Priyangu is one of the best bitter tonics, cooling and stimulating at the same time. It helps rectify the disorders of the blood. The pitta dosha is alleviated through the use of Priyangu. It acts to detoxify the blood and restore good metabolic activity.
- Good for headaches: The use of the decoction of the root and bark will help give relief for headaches.
- Good for hyperhidrosis: Many people suffer from excessive sweating. Use the infusion of the leaves of the callicarpa macrophylla to bring down this excessive sweating in a natural way. Drink the infusion in the morning and the night and you will find good results soon.
Be sure to carry out the treatment under medical supervision. Also, if there is bleeding, pain, or excessive irritation, stop the treatment immediately and consult the doctor. Some people may show allergic reaction. So, make sure you are not allergic by testing in small doses on the skin first.