Bhumi amla is acircum-tropical weed that grows in the wild and resembles the amla in appearance. It grows only to a height of 50 centimeters. So, it exists close to the ground or ‘Bhumi’. For this reason, we call the plant as Bhumi amla. This annual herb grows profusely in the coastal areas. It grows in clayey to loamy soil where the soil pH ranges from 5.6 to 8.1 satisfactorily well. Phyllanthus niruri also grows in calcareous soils that have good drainage. It can stand a fair amount of water logging.
The branches are herbaceous and ascending. The light green bark is smooth and light. The leaves of the Bhumi amla are small. The flowers are whitish green. The flowers are plentiful and pale green in colour. They often have reddish tinges. Fruits form tiny green capsules and contain the seeds.
You may propagate the Bhumi amla through seeds. Use dry sand or soil to mix the seeds as they are tiny and this way you get an even distribution. Sow the seeds in late April or May. This will ensure a good yield of your crops. You must use an adequate amount of moisture to ensure the germination of the seeds.
Once the seedlings grow up to 10-15 cm in height, you must transplant them to an open field. This will occur in 35-40 days after you sow the seeds. Maintain 15 x 10 cm spacing. You can establish the seed using light irrigation. If you plant during the monsoon period, then you need not use irrigation. You must do regular hand weeding since this will protect the herbs. One must avoid the use of herbicides as this will leave a residue on the Bhumi amla.
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Wait for three months to harvest the crop. They now turn a darker shade of green. The lower leaves will fall off. Try to harvest during the September month. They do not survive long after the rains and usually wither away once the summer begins.Dry the herb with the seed in the shade for 4 – 5 days. Then, put into gunny sacks and store in a cool place.
The primary content of the Phyllanthus niruri is lignans such as phyllanthine and hypophyllanthine. The other constituents are alkaloids and bioflavonoids such as quercetin. The enzyme needed for the reproduction of the Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is DNA polymerase. Phyllanthus blocks this enzyme and thus prevents the hepatitis disease from increasing.
It goes by the common name of country gooseberry. Other Names worldwide are chanca piedra, Amli, Arranca-Pedras, Bhonya, Bhoomi Amalaki, Bhui-Amla, Bhumi Amla, Bhuianvalah, Bhuimy Amali, Bhuin Amla, Bhumy Amalaki, Bhumyamalaki, Brise Pierre, Cane Peas Senna, Cane Senna, Carry-Me-Seed, Casse-Pierre and Chancapiedra.
Few other commonly used names are Chanca-Piedra Blanca, Chance Pierre, Child Pick-a-Back, Creole Senna, Daun Marisan, Derriere-Dos, Des Dos, Deye Do, Dukong Anak, Elrageig, Elrigeg, Erva-Pombinha, Evatbimi, Feuilles la Fièvre, Gale-Wind Grass, Graine En Bas Fièvre, Graine-En-Bas-Feuille, Hurricane Weed, Jar-Amla, Jar Amla, Kizha Nelli, Malva-Pedra, Mapatan, Memeniran, Meniran, Niruri, Nymphanthus niruri, Para-Parai Mi, Paraparai Mi, Pei, Phyllanto, Phyllanthus amarus and Phyllanthus carolinianus.
In few countries, its known as Phyllanthus fraternus, Phyllanthus kirganella, Phyllanthus lathyroides, Phyllanthus lonphali, Phyllanthus niruri, Phyllanthus sellowianus, Pierre de Chanca, Pitirishi, Pombinha, Punarnava, Quebra Pedra, Quebrapedra, Quinina Criolla, Quinine Creole, Quinine Weed, Rami Buah, Sacha Foster, Sasha Foster, Seed on the Leaf, Semence dans la Feuille, Shka-Nin-Du, Shatter Stone, Stone Breaker, Stone-Breaker, Stonebreaker, Tamalaka, Turi Hutan, Viernes Santo, Ya-Taibai, Yaa Tai Bai, Yah-Tai-Bai, Yerba de San Pablo.
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The botanical name is Phyllanthus niruri. It belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family.
Geographical areas where Bhumi amla plant grows
This grows in the wild in Philippines, Nigeria, West Africa, India, America, Guam, Cuba, and China. In India, you find it growing in Odisha, Sikkim, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab.
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Bhumi amla medicinal uses
This medicinal plant finds extensive use in India. It has numerous applications for the treatment of the liver, kidney, spleen, stomach, and the genitourinary system. The various medicinal uses are as given below.
- Help with bodily functions: It checks thirst and purifies the blood. In addition, the herb has a carminative action.
- Cure jaundice: Take the fresh root of Phyllanthus niruri and grind it. Use this paste with milk to help cure jaundice. To improve the effect, use eclipta alba or bhrinraj with the fresh herb.
- Curative action: You can use this to treat skin diseases and oedema. It acts as a neutralizing agent for poison. You can help relieve the symptoms of leucorrhoea by using Bhumi amla powder with rice water.
- Fight infections: Taking Bhumi amla helps relieve the symptoms of a cough and asthma. You can prepare nasal drops of the Bhumi amla with sugar syrup to relieve hiccups and coughs that will not stop.
- Improve healing: If you have any wounds, use the crushed juice of the herb to help increase the speed of the healing. Use the powdered form of the herb on fractures to improve the healing process.
- Purification properties: One can use the herb with ghee to clean the urinary bladder. It also supports blood purification.
- Relief from pain: If you have pain in the eyes, crush some fresh Phyllanthus niruri with rock salt and apply it to the eyelids. This is a potent mixture and helps cure many diseases. You can use this for treating abscess.
- Antipyretic action: If you have recurrent fever, you can use a decoction of Bhumi amla to help overcome it.
- Fight diabetes: To get an effective cure against diabetes, use the herb in powdered form with black pepper.
- Remove stones: You get good curative action against gall bladder stone and renal stone.
- Reliefs from painful urination: You can use Bhumi amla powder with ghee to get relief from burning micturition.
- Cure High pressure: One can get positive results if one uses the herb to treat high blood pressure.
- Cure ascites: You can use the powder of Phyllanthus niruri to treat ascites.
- Treat early stages of cataract: To prevent the pitta based ailments such as cataract, one uses the herb with ghee or with ghee and sesame oil. One must take this with Triphala churna after dinner.
- Cure facial palsy and paralysis: You can use the Bhumi amla to make Ayurvedic preparations to cure paralysis, pain in the neck, hemiplegia, paraplegia, tinnitus, and facial palsy among many other Vata disorders. You take this preparation Mashabaladi Kashaya with rock salt and asafoetida once or twice a day.
- Useful effects of Bhumi amla: It removes imbalances and helps reverse aging. It provides nourishment for the organs.
- Help for diabetes patients: With the regular use of the Phyllanthus niruri one can keep the blood sugar under control.
It has a bitter, sweet, and astringent taste. Bhumi amla pacifies Pitta and Kapha. It stimulates the liver and lights up the digestive fire.The Phyllanthus niruri inhibits the growth of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). People consider it the mother protector since it has so many good properties.
The various medicinal properties include hepatotonic, diuretic, deobstruent, carminative, antiviral, antinociceptive, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial. It also is a vermifuge, stomachic, hypotensive, hepatoprotective, febrifuge, digestive, choleretic, aperitif, antispasmodic, antimutagenic, antilithic, antihepatotoxic, and analgesic.
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Bhumi amla side effects
Bhumi amla is safe if taken by mouth for a short time period (up to 3 months).
There are no known side effects of Bhumi amla.
Some possible side effects:
Pregnancy and breast feeding: Bhumi amla may be unsafe for pregnant women or those trying to become pregnant. This herb in large amounts may prevent pregnancy, increase the risk of low weight child, or increase the risk of birth complications.
There is no reliable information available about the safety of taking this herb if you are breast-feeding. We advise you to stay on the safe side and avoid this herb.
Bleeding issues: This herb might slow down blood clotting. So using this plant might cause bleeding in people with bleeding problems.
Diabetes: Bhumi amla might affect blood sugar levels. If you are using this herb then monitor your blood sugar carefully.
Surgery: Phyllanthus niruri might lower blood sugar levels and slow down blood clotting so it might increase the risk of bleeding. Stop using this herb at least 2 weeks before and after a planned surgery.
The potential health benefits of Bhumi amla plant has not been sufficiently understood. The result of using the herb is light but effective.