Berberis Integerrima is a deciduous plant which is much branched and spiny. It grows up to a height of 1-3 meters and occasionally reaches 4 meters. The leaves are oval 2-5 cm long and 1-2 cm broad. They have a serrated margin borne in clusters of 2-5 leaves.
Flowers are yellow 4-6 mm in size and grow on long panicles 3-6 cm towards the end of spring. The red fruit is a berry 8-10 mm long 3-4 mm wide. Towards late summer the fruit ripens.
Berberis Integerrima common names
The common name of this plant is common barberry. Other names are barbery and European barberry.
Botanical name and family
The botanical name of this plant is Berberis integerrima. It belongs to the Berberidaceae family.
Geological places where berberis integerrima grows
It grows natively in Western Asia, Central and Southern Europe, and Northwest Africa. They introduced it to North America, Scandinavia, the British Isles, and Northern Europe. It is also grown in the rural parts of New Zealand.
Berberis integerrima medicinal uses and benefits
The medicinal value of the plant is due to the various chemicals substances present in the leaves, roots, stem, flower, and fruit. This includes isoquinoline alkaloids, anthocyanins, polyphenolic flavonoids, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and phenolic compounds. Here is a look at the medicinal uses of the Berberis integerrima extract.
- Heal internal injuries: You can use the extract for both men and cattle. To cure internal injuries or removal of kidney stones, one must use the root extract.
- A cure for a sore throat: They use the poultice made by crushing the bark or root with a stone to get relief from a sore throat. This is also effective for a fever. If you have a cold or a cough, take the decoction twice a day. We can prepare the decoction by boiling the roots.
- Relief from dysentery: If you suffer from dysentery, then use the decoction of the leaves of the Berberis integerrima. This will give you fast relief.
- Tonic nature: Extract and decoction of the root and stem are tonics. People also use them to cure dysentery. It also helps heal wounds. It gives relief to those suffering from arthritis.
- Use as a mouthwash: Due to its antimicrobial nature, it has found a use as a mouthwash. When one has pharyngitis, gargling with the diluted decoction of the plant will help cure the infection.
- A cure for colic: If one has intestinal colic, you can use the diluted decoction of the plant to get relief.
- Anti-diabetic nature: There is a lot of use in the infusion of the leaves of Berberis integerrima. It helps keep the blood sugar levels low. So, have a drink in the morning and evening with the infusion of the leaves to help control your diabetes.
- Antioxidant and anticancer properties: The extract of the plant exhibits antioxidant properties that help it deal with lots of infections and diseases like HIV/AIDS, malarial fever, and skin diseases. It shows anti-cancer properties that help prevent the proliferation of cancer cells in the body.
- Anti-lipidemic and anti-hyperglycaemic: Use of the decoction of the leaves helps lower the lipids level in the body. By lowering the LDL cholesterol, the health of the heart gets enhanced. They also show the property of lowering sugar levels and so they are useful for diabetic patients. Having tea made from the crushed bark and roots is enough to help the patient keep the sugar levels down.
- A cure for eye disorders: The extract of the root and decoction of the leaves helps treat eye disorders.
- Help treat gastric disorders: If you have gastric disorders such as diarrhea, bloating, gas, and indigestion, you can have the infusion of the leaves to get relief. Drink a glass of the juice before you meals in the afternoon and night. This will help you become alright.
- Treat piles: People suffering from piles can get relief through the application of the juice of the Berberis integerrima on the sore parts. They add the root extract to the butter and apply it to the piles. Drink the infusion twice a day and this will help speed up the cure.
- The Antidote for poison: They apply the paste of the bark and the roots on the scorpion and snake bites. This will help to neutralize the poison.
- Treat skin disorders: For those with skin disorders and skin bruises, the application of the paste of the roots will help to speed up the cure. It enhances the health of the skin and gives relief for itches and rashes. You can use the root extract as an astringent to cure pus and fluid collections in the tissues.
- Diuretic action: Drinking the infusion of the leaves and fruit will help increase the urine output. This flushes all toxins from the body. It helps remove obstructions such as kidney stones. Prepare the infusion by boiling a few leaves in water. Drink this early in the morning for the best results.
- Help for jaundice patients: Due to its hepatoprotective action, use of the extract of the stem and bark helps remove toxins from the liver. Drink the infusion thrice a day and you will good results.
- Relieve dysmenorrhea: When women suffer painful periods due to inadequate flow of blood, the use of Berberis integerrima helps. It improves the flow of blood in the genitals and relieves the symptoms of dysmenorrhea.
- Relief for stomach ache: When one has a stomach ache, having the fruit of the berberis helps. It will relieve the stomach ache fast.
- A cure for uterine tumors: Women having tumors in the uterus can use the extract of the plant to get relief. The extract of the stem and the root bark finds a use for curing stomach ulcers.
Side effects of Berberis integerrima
All parts of the plant contain berberine, an alkaloid. This is toxic but it remains concentrated only in the roots and stem. The fruits do not have as much. Eaten in excess, it can lead to lowered blood pressure, vomiting, and lethargy. The heart rate will slow down. The fruit is edible because there are low amounts of the alkaloid.