Bael tree is gum-bearing slender aromatic tree which grows 50-60 feet in height. Bael leaves has three leaflets. The tree grows in places where other trees will not survive. People consider this tree sacred in India because the one must use the leaves of this tree to complete the worship of Lord Shiva. People use these leaves for venerating the Goddesses Parvati and Viva Rupra.
The Bael plant or Aegle marmelos grows in the soil with a pH range between 5 – 10. The Bael tree tolerates all kinds of soil conditions and stands waterlogging conditions. This tree has a wide tolerance for temperature and grows well in the temperature range -7º C to 48ºC.
The fruit is green, yellow, or gray with a smooth shell having wooden texture. The grapefruit-sized fruit takes about 11 months to ripen on the tree. You need a machete to open the hard shell. The yellow pulp of the fruit is aromatic. People describe it as smelling of roses with a taste of marmalade. It has tiny seeds having hair and surrounded by slimy mucilage.
We propagate the Bael through its seeds. However, the seeds do not remain true to type. They also show no dormancy. Hence, you need to sow fresh seeds in a newly prepared bed that has a good mix of farmyard manure and sand. Transplant the seedlings after seven weeks, and they bud at the end of one year.
Nutrient content of the Bael fruit (100 grams)
- Carbohydrates: 31.8 grams
- Proteins: 1.8 grams
- Fat: 0.3 grams
- Vitamin A: 54 mg
- Vitamin B: Got plenty of Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B2
- Vitamin C: 60 mg
- Riboflavin: 1.19 mg
- Carotene: 54mg
- Thiamine: 0.13 mg
- Niacin: 1.1 mg
Minerals and other nutrients
- Potassium: 600 mg
- Water: 62 grams
- Calcium: 85 mg
- Fibre: 2.9 grams
- Energy: 137 Calories
Common names of Bael plant are wood apple, stone apple, Bilva, Bilvapatra, Japanese bitter orange, and golden apple.
Botanical name or family
The botanical name is Aegle marmelos and it belongs to the Rutaceae family.
Geological areas where Bael plant grows
The Bael is native to India. It grows extensively in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Burma, Sri Lanka, southern Nepal, and Pakistan. They also cultivate it in Fiji, Philippines, Timor Leste, Java, and Malay Peninsula.
Bael medicinal uses for curing diseases
The Bael plant finds use in medicine due to its medicinal value. This happens due to the presence of alkaloids, essential oils, and polysaccharides.
Cures Stomach problems and parasite attacks
One can get relief from constipation and diarrhea. Eating the fruit clears the intestines of virus and parasites.
Cures urinary complaints
People with problems in their urinary system can use the Aegle marmelos fruit to get a cure.
The disease scurvy happens due to the deficiency of the Vitamin C. This damages the blood vessels. Due to the high amount of Vitamin C, the use of the Aegle marmelos fruit helps prevent the incidence of scurvy.
Cures disorders of the intestine
Strengthens the heart and Possesses Anti-inflammatory property
Add ghee to Bael fruit juice and drink it. This method has proved effective in preventing strokes and heart attacks since time immemorial. The Aegle marmelos leaf extract will cure your cholesterol problem. This adds to the therapeutic nature of the Bael tree. You can cure inflammations due to its anti-inflammatory nature.
The extract we get from the Aegle marmelos fruit has proven anti-microbial action. For this reason, one can battle infections easily. They have good anti-fungal and antiviral action too.
Solve respiratory problems
The oil from the Bael tree is useful for curing colds, coughs, and other respiratory problems. You get better resistance to cold when you apply the oil to your head just before a bath.
Cure gastroduodenal ulcers
Other uses of the Aegle marmelos
You can treat eye and ear disorders. It helps fight anemia. In the days gone by, people used to cure fractures by applying Bael powder mixed with ghee to the fractured portion of the bone.
Uses of the fruit
- Eating the Bael fruit helps increase the appetite.
- You can treat gynaecological disorders with the fruit.
- People use the Bael fruit to cure tuberculosis.
- The fruit helps reduce blood sugar levels.
- Using the extract of the unripe Aegle marmelos fruit, one can cure hemorrhoids and vitiligo.
- One can treat chronic diarrhea using the powder of the dried fruit.
- It proves useful for treating diarrhea and cholera because the Bael fruit has tannin’s.
Usefulness of the leaf
- You can cure irritation in the bowel and gastric problems with the Bael leaf.
- Diabetics use the leaf to keep the sugar levels down.
- People solve paediatric problems too with this Bael leaf.
- One can use the infusion of the leaves to solve a host of problems such as wounds, peptic ulcer, jaundice, conjunctivitis, deafness, and leucorrhoea.
- Some people spray the oil of the Bael leaf as a protection against insect infestation.
- You can use the leaf extract for use in the anti-fungal activity.
- Make a juice of the leaf and have it with honey for fighting fever and cold. Find natural fever remedies.
Uses of the Beal Flower
- Extract of the flower is useful in treating epilepsy.
- It is useful for diabetics.
- One can get relief from dysentery by using the flower.
Use of the bark
- People use the bark of the Bael tree as a fish poison.
Use of the stem
- The gum of the stem of the tree proves useful.
Use of the roots of the Bael tree
- The roots have methanol content. This proves useful for anti-micro filarial activity.
Use of the dried fruit
- We use the dried shell of the fruit in the form of pill boxes.
Use of the fruit pulp
- It has marmelosin that is ananti-cardiac depressant. The fruit pulp has detergent action, and so one can use it to wash clothes.
Bael health benefits are limitless but avoid having too much of Bael as this can cause constipation and stomach upsets. Pregnant women must avoid having this fruit as it can have dangerous results. Always consult an expert before taking it in any form.