Artemisia absinthium medicinal uses and wormwood side effects

Artemisia absinthium or wormwood is a perennial shrub which grows 1-3 feet in height. The stem is grey-green or white and remains covered with fine hair. The yellowish-green leaves contain resinous particles and have a silky feel. This aromatic herb has small, yellow flower heads with erect stems. It has long, petiolated lower leaves, 25 cm long. You see globular inflorescence’s that cover all the flowers that make up many flowers. These heads remain arranged in panicles attached to the stem by long panicles. In this article, we will talk about Artemisia absinthium medicinal uses and wormwood side effects.

Artemisia absinthium plant medicinal uses and side effects

Common name

The common name for this plant is wormwood or Afsantin.

Botanical name or family

The botanical name of the plant is Artemisia Absinthium. It belongs to the Asteraceae family.

Geological places where wormwood plant grows

This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and Africa. You can find it growing in the wild in the United States. You can find them growing beside the roads and in waste places. In India, you can find in the Himalayan areas of Jammu and Kashmir at a height of 1500 to 2700 mts.

Artemisia absinthium medicinal uses

Wormwood gives away an aromatic odour. It has a spicy, bitter taste. The medicinal properties of the wormwood are due to the chemical components such as azulenes, ascorbic acid, carotenoids, and acetylenes among others. You can use it as an oil, capsule, tablet, tincture, or decoction.

Anti-inflammatory and Anodyne property

This is due to the presence of azulenes in the wormwood. You can apply the wormwood moistened with water to the bruises and cuts. This acts as an antiseptic and anodyne, helping in the healing process. It prevents the swelling and discoloration of the bruises.


It acts as an Emmenagogue and improves the menstrual flow. So, women who suffer from dysmenorrhoea can benefit by the use of wormwood for their problem.

Brain tonic

Wormwood has found use in many parts of Europe for restoring and enhancing the cognitive functions. It can restore the damage in the thinking, perception, and remembering. People take it as a restorative if they have brain damage. People who have trouble remembering things can have the wormwood leaves and flower preparation to overcome this deficiency. Have the decoction early in the morning daily for two months.

Anti-depressant nature

The wormwood helps to dispel your depressed mood. It elevates the mood of the person and makes them happy. Prepare tea with the flowers and have it before your meal.


If you have a fever, you can use the Artemisia Absinthium to help reduce the fever. Prepare the decoction with the flowers and leaves. Filter, cool, and have this morning and evening to get relief from fever.


When you have problems related to the urinary system, you have to use the paste of the flowers mixed with tea as a tonic. Drink this daily until the symptoms pass.

wormwood flowers and leaves

Helps treat many conditions

Due to the invigorating nature of wormwood, the flower and leaves find a use for treating a variety of conditions such as epilepsy, paralysis, hemiplegia, sciatica. This is due to the anticonvulsant nature of the wormwood. The patient has the decoction of the flowers twice daily. This helps relieve the condition over time. By applying the paste of the powdered leaves of wormwood on the scalp, the symptoms of epilepsy become better. Until now the mechanism is unknown. It acts as a nervine tonic and a stimulant for the central nervous system. Find best yoga poses for sciatica pain.

Useful for women

The wormwood finds a use for a variety of women complaints such as vaginitis and menstrual pain. It helps relax the abdominal organs and provide relief for the pain. Prepare the wormwood leaves by grinding them and extracting the juice. Use this to make the tea and have it twice daily. Find home remedies for vaginitis.


This is the condition where the heartbeat slows down. The wormwood helps enhance the heart health and remove the symptoms of Bradycardia. You can have one glass of wormwood tea daily in the morning to get the benefit of better heart health. It has cardiac stimulant properties, and so it improves the blood circulation. By providing strength to the heart muscles, the wormwood improves the heart rate. It stabilizes the problems caused by Bradycardia.

Loss of appetite

The sharp, bitter taste of the wormwood acts on the sense buds of the tongue, sending signals to the brain to activate the digestive system. This bitter taste helps to stimulate the process of salivation, stomach acid production, intestinal tract movement, and more. It also stimulates the bile production by the liver and storage of bile in the gallbladder. Though this is so, people rarely use wormwood flowers or leaves for improving the digestion because there are many other better options available.


It has carminative properties. Artemisia Absinthium relieves the intestinal gas and helps stimulate the digestive system by augmenting the intestinal movement. It has anti-amoebic property, so it relieves diarrhoea. Wormwood increases the production of the stomach acids. It also increases the bile production so that the people with a poor appetite will benefit. This also helps people recovering from illness to get better fast by increasing the amount of nutrient uptake.

Gallbladder disorders

Cholecystitis, which is the irritation of the walls of the gallbladder cause many gallbladder diseases. The main reason for the bile build up due to the blocking is gallstones. You can stop the irritation of the walls of the gallbladder by having wormwood decoction.

Crohn’s disease

Wormwood has a beneficial effect on people suffering from Crohn’s disease.

Treat Liver disorders

The Hepatoprotective nature of the Artemisia Absinthium helps restore the liver function. It removes the toxins and enhances the health of the liver. The wormwood cures any damage there is to the liver.

Cure Parasitic infestation or intestinal worms

It can stun worms in the intestine so they can remain expelled by normal peristalsis.

Loss of libido

They act as sexual tonics increasing the desire and improving the libido.

Anti-tumour nature

The property of the wormwood to destroy a tumor is due to the natural pesticides in the wormwood, the sesquiterpene lactones.

Wormwood side effects

People may have hypersensitivity to the components in wormwood. The thujone content in the wormwood oil causes excitation, but excess is poisonous and can cause seizures. Use with caution and always remain within the prescribed dosage. Further, it has emmenagogue and abortifacient properties so pregnant women and those who lactate must avoid the use of wormwood. In adverse conditions, it could cause numbness of the extremities, trembling of the limbs, vertigo, restlessness, paralysis, delirium, and death. The dosage of wormwood powder should not exceed 6 grams per day.

Artemisia absinthium or wormwood plant is a useful herb to treat many alignments of human body. Use this plant under the guidance of medical practitioner.


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Anoop Sharma

About Anoop Sharma

Anoop Sharma is an IT professional, freelance health writer and creator of He is passionate about helping others learn about health issues and their natural remedies, yoga and healthy food.

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