Anise plant is an annual herb grows to about 10-30 cm in height. It needs fertile and well-drained soil. They should be grown in their original location or transplanted when they are very small because they have tap roots.
The leaves are stalked, alternate, with a pod-like base. Aniseed leaves have kidney-shaped blades serrate and shallowly lobed.
Stem leaves are 2-3 times pinnate with lobed leaves. The bisexual flower has a regular white corolla smaller than 5 mm. It has 5 stamens, and the sepals are stunted. Pistil of 2 fused carpels, with 2 styles.
Primary umbels have no bracts. The flowering time is June-August. The fruit is flattened from the side 3-5 mm long two-parted schizocarp.
Common names of Anise seed plant
The common name of this plant is Anise. People also call it Aniseed.
Botanical name and family
The botanical name is Pimpinella anisum. It belongs to Apiaceae family.
Geological areas where Anise plant grows
Thought to be a native plant of the eastern Mediterranean region, it is cultivated in several regions around the world including Europe, Turkey, China, Japan, Bulgaria, Mexico andSouthwest Asia. In India, it is grown in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam, Uttarakhand, and Chhattisgarh.
Anise seed medicinal uses and health benefits
Anise is one of the oldest spices used for its medicinal purposes in Rome, Greece, and Egypt. The chemical properties are due to the presence of volatile oils, flavonoids, and fatty oil.
- Carminative effect: The main use of the spice is in relieving the effects of the gas. It is used in cooking to add flavour to the dishes. Pimpinella anisum has a slightly bitter taste. It helps relieve flatulence.
- Used as mouthwash: Anise seed has a good smell. When you add the anise essential oil in water, it serves as mouthwash. It makes the mouth fresh.
- Help asthma patients: People suffering from asthma experiences blockages of the air passage. Use of aniseed helps relieve the symptoms of asthma because it opens the air passage and removes the mucous. It soothes the air passage and reduces swelling due to irritants.
- Antiseptic nature: In combination with other oils, aniseed finds use as an antiseptic. Mix 2 tablespoons of aniseed essential oil with 1 tablespoon each of eucalyptus oil and coconut oil. Use this on the skin to ward off infections and protect cuts.
- Treat lice infestation: Lice infestation can prove troublesome. If you have this problem, use the mixture of 1 tablespoon each of anise essential oil and coconut oil. Apply a little on the scalp before you have your bath. Do this twice a week, and soon, you will get relief from lice infestation.
- Abortifacient property: If you take large doses of aniseed, it can cause abortion. People use this to cause abortion for unwanted pregnancy. Pregnant women must be careful not to use aniseed.
- Good for anaemia: The spice can increase the production of red blood cells. Adding aniseed to the dishes can improve the condition for anemic people.
- Good for scabies: You can kill the mites that cause scabies by treating with a decoction of aniseed and mixing it with a paste of cayenne pepper. Apply this to the skin where you have itching. One application might not work, and so you might have to do it several times. Scabies is highly contagious but treatable.
- Anthelmintic nature: Many people suffer from worm infestation. Boil some water with the anise seed. Drink this twice a day to get rid of the worms.
- Good for croup: Croup is the infection of the respiratory tract the leads to swelling inside the trachea. Use of aniseed will help relieve the symptoms. Boil 2-3 teaspoons of aniseed in water. Drink this water before going to bed.
- Use to treat infant catarrh: Since the anise has compounds that remove mucous from the body, you can use it to treat catarrh in children. Use aniseed often as it relieves nasal congestion and helps the child to breathe normally again.
- Cures colic: Aniseed can cure any digestive problem. Use the crushed aniseed in some warm milk. Give this twice a day.
- Helps cure leucorrhoea in women: Women who suffer from leucorrhoea will get good relief by using the aniseed. You can include the aniseed in the dishes you make or eat them after you have had your meal.
- Give relief for diarrhea: For relieving diarrhea, take aniseed decoction twice a day. This will make your stomach strong and stop the diarrhea.
- Alleviate symptoms of menopause: People suffering from the symptoms of menopause will get good relief by using the aniseed. The usual signs are depression, tiredness and laziness. If you use aniseed often, it makes you more energetic.
- Good relief from a dry cough: A little anise seed can relief your cough problem. A dry cough happens when there are allergens in the air. The dry cough does not produce phlegm but happens due to some irritation.
- Helps relieve a sore throat: Boil some water with a teaspoon of anise seeds. Gargle with this water, and you will soon have relief from your sore throat. It soothes the lining of the throat and removes the excess phlegm.
- Antioxidant property: Anise has good antioxidant properties. It is useful in keeping the infections away. It fights the action of the free radicals that attack the healthy body tissue. Having anise seeds often will protect you from ravaging diseases.
- Good for nursing mothers: The aniseed helps nursing mothers in that it increases the milk production. Give the mother some aniseed tea early in the morning for the best results.
- Cure for sleeplessness: People suffering from sleeplessness can take aniseed tea or cake. This will help them get sleep fast. Aniseed is an age-old remedy for insomnia. Chew the raw seeds if you need sleep.
- Relief for asp bites: If you get bitten by an asp, then apply the paste of aniseed to the site of the bite. This will help reduce the pain and start the healing process.
Side effects of aniseed
Though considered generally safe, anise might induce vomiting, nausea, pulmonary oedema, and seizures if taken in excess. If you use the concentrated oil on the skin, it will cause irritation.
Eat Aniseed every day to have Anise health benefits and medicinal uses and live a healthy life.