The Amla tree is a deciduous tree. The fruits of this tree have extensive health-giving properties. The bark is smooth and grey-brown in colour. This tree grows from 3 feet 6 inches to 25 feet in height. It bears greenish-yellow flowers. They need light and dense soils and medium to hot temperatures. If the temperatures become too hot, then the trees will not bear fruit.
Once the tree is six to seven years old, they bear fruit. These fruits appear between January and March. The flowers appear in clusters and are bisexual. The leaves that grow to 2 centimeters are oblong, fern-like, and narrow. The fruits are 3 centimeters, in diameter. It grows well when it has more sun, and the wind is less.
You must not plant it in soil that is too sandy or too much water-logged. Clay-rich soil does not augment the proper growth of the Amla tree. Keep the soil light to medium heavy with rich organic matter. The pH should lie between slightly acidic and slightly alkaline. Well-drained soils help the growth, and so you should plant it on sloping ground.
The fruits are hard and glossy with a dull green colour. The ripe fruits have a bitter taste.
Nutrient content of amla fruit
If you have 100 grams of the fruit, you get all these nutrients:
- Energy: 44 calories
- Dietary fibre: 4 grams (17% of daily need)
- Vitamin C: 444 mg (46%)
- Vitamin A: 6%
- Iron: 2%
- Calcium: 3%
- Vitamin E: 0.4 mg (2%)
- Vitamin B6: 4%
- Omega-3 fatty acids: 46 mg
- Omega-6 fatty acids: 269 mg
In addition, this superfood has pantothenic acid, folate, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine. The mineral content of the fruit is as follows:
- Manganese: 0.2 mg (11%)
- Potassium: 297 mg (8%)
- Copper: 0.1 mg (5%)
- Calcium: 37.3 mg (4%)
- Magnesium: 15 mg (4%)
- Phosphorus: 40.5 mg (4%)
It also has a little selenium and zinc. The high antioxidant property is because it has significant amounts of ellagitannins such as pedunculagin (14%), punigluconin (12%), emblicanin B (33%), and emblicanin A (37%). It also has polyphenols flavonoids kaempferol, ellagic acid, and gallic acid.
The common name is Indian gooseberry. The other names are emblic myrobalan, Malacca tree, or amalaki.
Botanical name or family
The botanical name of this tree is Phyllanthus embelica. It belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family.
Geological area where Indian gooseberry trees grow
This plant grows well in the subtropical regions of India such as Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
Medicinal use of amla in different diseases
The amlaki fruit is a storehouse of nutrients. It helps our body manage and cure a host of ailments. In addition, it supplies many of the essential nutrients we need for our daily metabolism.
- It has a high amount of Vitamin C. The reason for most of the goodness of Amla is due to its high Vitamin C content. They help get rid of free radicals that are responsible for many of the infections and diseases.
- It helps the mental acuity and brain functioning.
- It flushes out toxins. The Indian gooseberry fruit supports liver function and removes all body toxins in a short time. Thus, amla is a good blood purifier.
- It improves the muscle tone.
- It provides relief from gastric disorders. If you have a burning sensation in the abdomen, you will get relief by having a spoonful of amla juice.
- Among other things, you can use it as beauty treatment lotion. Apply a little amla juice on your face to help fight pigmentation and acne. It oxidizes melanin and helps the person look fairer. By cleansing the skin pores, they improve the vitality of the skin. You can exfoliate the skin and tighten the skin. Use on the skin surface to remove dry and flaky skin.
- The amino acids and proteins present in amla help to make the hair healthy. You can solve the problem of falling hair if you drink amla juice regularly. In addition, you can prevent premature graying of the hair. Improve the scalp health by having this superfood amla regularly. Use amla juice with your hair conditioner to get better-looking hair.
- You can avoid the problem of cold and flu infections by taking Indian gooseberry regularly.
- A study conducted in rats showed that amla juice could decrease the blood sugar level.
- People who take amalaki juice show an increase in the hemoglobin and red blood cell count.
- You can correct nearsightedness with amla. It augments vision and makes intraocular tensions less. This helps you avoid watering of eyes, itchiness, and reddening of the eyes.
- It is used for cancer prevention. The antioxidants in this superfood Amla help our body fight diseases such as cancer. Prominent among the antioxidants is super-oxide dismutase. This provides an inexpensive way to prevent the dreadful disease.
- The antibacterial and astringent quality of amla makes it a useful tool to treat infections.
- It helps to get better heart health. Since heart health depends on the cholesterol and stress levels, you can get a healthy heart by including amla in your diet. Indian gooseberry juice makes the heart muscles strong.
- It helps production of collagen. The Calcium and Vitamin C help to make collagen. This is vital for the skin growth and maintenance. If you have burns or redness of the skin, you can apply amla juice to get relief.
- It is helpful as mouthwash. The juice of Indian gooseberry has antibacterial properties. Due to this reason, people use it to rid the bacteria in their mouth and have good oral health. If you have mouth ulcers, gargle twice a day with amla juice.
- It helps to cure sleeplessness. Those who suffer from insomnia can use the amla juice to get relief. Add nutmeg powder to the glass of amla juice, and you will get sleep instantly.
- This superfood Indian gooseberry is a good cooling agent, and since it has twenty times more Vitamin C than an orange, you can make it a preferred thirst-quencher for the hot summers. Amla juice keeps the body heat under control and gives protection from the harmful ultraviolet rays.
- The Indian gooseberry helps to keep your bones healthy. This they do with the calcium. So, eating the fruit regularly will help prevent weakness in the bones.
- Helps overcome menstrual cramps. Every woman faces this problem at some time or the other. Use amla juice to keep those cramps under control.
- It helps in tissue repair. Indian gooseberry promotes the healing of damaged tissues.
Having a good number of useful properties, Indian gooseberry qualifies as a superfood. It has no side effects, and so one can have plenty of it. Go online to order it if your local store does not have stock of the amla juice.